|The Richardson Memorial|
POSTERITY OF EZEKIEL RICHARDSON
330.Colonel Benjamin Franklin Baldwin (Loammi Baldwin, Ruth Richardson,4 Joseph,3 Joseph,2 Samuel1), grandson in the fourth degree, both from Samuel Richardson,1 and from his brother, Ezekiel Richardson1;* son of Loammi Baldwin by his first wife, Mary Fowle; born at “New Bridge,” or North Woburn, Dec. 15, 1777; married, May 1, 1808, Mary Carter Brewster Coolidge, born Sept. 11, 1784, eldest daughter of Benjamin Coolidge, a merchant of Boston, but retired from business in Woburn, where he died in 1819. Her mother, of the same name, was a descendant of Elder William Brewster, of Plymouth, 1620.
They lived in North Woburn, long the home of the Baldwin family. Like his father, he devoted himself to the business of a civil engineer, and assisted his brother Loammi in the construction of the mill dam across the Back Bay in Boston, and in other great public improvements.
He died suddenly, Oct. 11, 1821, aged 43, as he was on his return from the cattle-show in Brighton.
His widow married, Dec. 4, 1823, Wyman Richardson,6 Esq. , a counsellor at law, born in Woburn, Oct. 19, 1780, son of Stephen5 and Martha (Wyman) Richardson. He died of an affection of the heart, June 22, 1841, aged 61. Her third husband, married March 4, 1845, was Burrage Yale, a trader in South Reading, now Wakefield. He proved an unpleasant companion, and she soon found a separation indispensable to her comfort.
The children of Benj. F. Baldwin, by wife Mary, were:
Mary, Clara, d. young; Helen.
* His pedigree may also be stated thus: Loammi,5 James,4 Henry,3 Phebe,2 Ezekiel Richardson.1
331.Loammi Baldwin (Loammi Baldwin, Ruth Richardson,4 Joseph,3 Joseph,2 Samuel1), brother of the preceding; born in Woburn, May 16, 1780; married Catherine Williams, born 1786, sister of Samuel Williams, who was, about 1815, an eminent American banker in London.
He graduated at Harvard College, 1800; was a distinguished civil engineer; completed the mill dam in Boston, July, 1821, which had been commenced by Uriah Lotting, who did not live to finish it. He also built the dry docks in Charlestown and Norfolk for the United States Government. He died in 1838.
He had a son :
533. Samuel Williams (Baldwin), b. 1817; d. Dec. 28, 1822, aged 5.
335.Capt. Edward Richardson6 (Edward,5 Theophilus,4 Ezekiel,3 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1), son of Edward5 and Abigail (Chenery) Richardson; born in Woburn, Feb. 8, 1747-8; married, May 16, 1771, Ann Wilson, of West Cambridge, now Arlington, Mass., 1750.
The record of his marriage describes him as of Concord, Mass. In that town he resided many years.
When the war of the Revolution commenced, he, with his twin brother, joined the standard of liberty. He was one of those who resisted the inroad of the British troops at Concord Bridge, April 19, 1775, and compelled them to a hasty retreat. At that time he was orderly serjeant of a company of “ m. nute men,” living in Concord. He soon after enlisted in the “eight months’ service,” from May, 1775, to the end of the year. His son Josiah stated—and the statement was made in 1830, while the father was yet living—that he continued in the military service of his country till the end of the war—eight years*—being successively commissioned as ensign, lieutenant, quarter-master, paymaster, and captain. These commissions are still in existence. At West Point he commanded a company. It is said that he commanded the first company that broke ground at Verplanek’s Point.
For his services in the war, he received pay in Continental money, or the promise of Congress to pay money when they could get it. Of this fictitious currency, there were issued in all three hundred and fifty-seven millions of dollars.† When about forty-four years of age, finding himself at the head of a numerous family, he determined to remove to the country on the Androscoggin River, in the then District of Maine. He removed thither in February, 1793. Respecting this removal, we find the following deeds on record :
Edward Richardson, of Cambridge, gentleman, buys of the proprietors of Phips’ Canada [afterwards the town of Jay, Me.] about one hundred acres, No. 5 in Range No. 3, on the west side of Androscoggin River, Jan. 10, 1792. [Cumberland Deeds, vol. xxii. p. 203.]
Edward Richardson, of Phips’ Canada, gentleman, bought of Benjamin Bird, of Waltham, Middlesex Co., the undivided half of No. 18 in Range No. 2, and No. 7 in Range 13, both on the eastern side of Androscoggin River, and No. 5 in Range 4, on the western side of Androscoggin River, Jan. 10, 1794. [Cumberland Deeds, xxii. 204.]
In the interval between these two deeds he removed to Jay.
Edward Richardson, of Phipstown, Esquire, and Richard Richardson, of Cambridge, Middlesex Co. [his brother], bought of Nathan Fuller, of Newton, Middlesex Co., seven lots of land in Phipstown, particularly described, all on the easterly side of Ameriscoggin River [same as Androscoggin], Jan. 24, 1705. [Cumberland Deeds, xxii. 206.]
Edward Richardson, of Jay, Lincoln Co., Esquire, bought of Z. Judson, of Hallowell, saddler, about 100 acres in Jay, on the west side of Androscoggin River, Sept. 5, 1797. [Cumberland Deeds, xxvii. 414.]
Edward Richardson, of Jay, and Richard Richardson, of Cain-bridge, sold to Mark Wilson, of Poland, lots of land in said Poland, on the easterly side of Saco River [for Saco here, read Androscoggin], February, 1798. [Cumberland Deeds, xxix. 252.]
The place to which he removed, then called “Phips’ Canada,” was then, 1793, in a rough, uncultivated state, and contained but three families. Two years later, it received the name of Phipstown, and contained but fifteen in the whole township. It has since been divided into two towns; Jay, made from the eastern portion, and Canton from the western. He was a prominent, influential man in the place. During many years he was the only trial justice for several miles around, and the only one qualified to solemnize marriages. Consequently, his log-house in the wilderness was much resorted to, and was the scene of many happy gatherings, which were yet always conducted with strict decorum.
He bought land cheap, as the country was new, and being a large proprietor, He was enabled to bestow on each of his numerous children a valuable farm. Some of them retained their farms, while others, wishing to follow some other occupation, disposed of theirs. None of his sons or grandsons became mechanics, but preferred agricultural pursuits or merchandize.
The family, when it removed to Maine in 1793, consisted of the parents and seven children, besides a cousin, on the father’s side, Martha Swan. Of these ten, not a death occurred for over thirty-three years. The mother was a truly religious woman. The husband and father, though a worthy man, never made a public profession of religion.
He resembled his twin brother Moses in person so closely, that one was often taken for the other. Once, in particular, he played off a joke on the young lady who was to marry Moses, presenting himself to her as her accepted swain, and spending the evening with her as such ; and she did not discover the substitution till some time after, when she was with great difficulty convinced of it.
He died July, 1834, in his eighty-seventh year. His wfe Ann died Aug. 2, 1826, in her seventy-seventh year.
The children of Edward and Ann (Wilson) Richardson, all but the first born in West Cambridge, Mass., were :
Capt. Edward Richardson had fifty grandchildren, eighty great-grandchildren, and in April, 1874, there were already fifteen of the following generation. Some are in the far east, some in the far west.
* This statement is hardly consistent with the fact that eleven children were born to him previously to his removal to Maine in 1703. Four or five of them must have been born during the eight years of the war.
† About the end of 1776, this currency began to depreciate. In a year more, the depreciation was three dollars for one. In December, 1778, it stood at six for one. A year after, it was twenty-seven for one. In December, 1780, seventy for one. In the autumn’of 1781, it was five hundred for one. In the latter part of 1780, this paper ceased to circulate; nobody would take it; it was absolutely worthless the year following. Part of it was redeemed, in 1700, at one hundred for one. Much of it was never redeemed. [Gouge on American Banking.]
‡This name is simply an awkward substitute for Goodwin.
336.Moses Richardson6 (Edward,5 Theophilus,4 Ezekiel,3 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1), twin brother of the preceding; born in Woburn, Feb. 8,1747-8; married Miriam ______.
At the outbreak of the Revolution, he, with his brother Edward, joined in the war for liberty, and received a commission as ensign—some say lieutenant—in the same company. He lived for a time in West Cambridge, afterwards in Acton, and at length in Concord. In his will he is said to be of Concord.
My information respecting him is vague and unsatisfactory; but what I shall next say is on the best authority.
He and his twin brother Edward, who, I suppose, fought by each other’s side during the Revolutionary war, were present at the laying of the corner-stone of the Bunker Hill monument, June 17, 1825, just half a century after the battle. Lafayette was present, and assisted in the transaction. The event attracted great attention, and officers and soldiers of the old Continental army, from all parts, were there. These twin brothers, whose united weight was said to exceed five hundred pounds, rode together in an open barouche, “the observed of all observers.”
These “noble twin brothers of Revolutionary fame” received a conspicuous notice in the account given of the affair in the newspapers immediately after. Their close resemblance to each other has already been mentioned.
His will, dated Dec. 9, 1833, was proved in 1835, and he must have died in the interval, at the age of about eighty-seven. He describes himself as of Concord, and speaks of his widow, Miriam, and of children, Allen, Aaron, Mary, and Moses; a statement which does not perfectly accord with a record from another source.
The will of Miriam, widow of Moses Richardson, is still more 7discrepant. It is dated April 9, 1839, and was proved in 1839. It recognizes herself as the widow of Moses Richardson, of Concord, but gives the following as her children’s names: Joanna Baker, Ellen Miriam, Frances Wheeler, and Eben. I cannot reconcile this with the other, but on the supposition of her having had two husbands.
The children of Moses Richardson, as derived from another source, were :
337.Ruth Richardson6 (Edward,8 Theophilus,4 Ezekiel,8 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1), sister of the preceding, and eldest daughter of Edward and Abigail Richardson ; born Nov. 26, 1749; married, May 7, 1772, Ephraim Weston, of Lincoln, Mass.
After the Revolutionary war, they removed to Fryeburg, Me. The husband died February, 1829. The wife, Ruth, died Oct. 30, 1835, aged nearly 86.
When Josiah Richardson, her nephew, attended the academy in Fryeburg, in 1805, he boarded with his aunt Weston.
The children of Ephraim and Ruth Weston were :
338.Richard Richardson6 (Edward,5 Theophilus,4 Ezekiel,3 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1) brother of the preceding, and son of Edwards and Abigail (Chenery) Richardson; born Sept. 23, 1751; married, first, Mehitable Smith, of Needham; second, Elizabeth Wyman Park.
He lived in West Cambridge, now Arlington, where, or near where, he was born. In January, 1795, he united with his brother Edward in the purchase of eight lots of land in Phipstown, now the town of Jay, county of Franklin, Maine. He sold either a part, or the whole, of this interest three years after. [Comb. Deeds, xxii. 206; xxix. 252.] In 1800, he was a “head builder,” on Charter Street, Boston.
At length he removed to Ashby; the date not known to me.
By patient industry and active enterprise he became possessed of a handsome estate. Besides property in other places, he owned about thirty-six acres of woodland in the south part of New Ipswich, N. H.
His will is dated July 18, 1830; proved Feb. 18, 1834; and is on record both in Middlesex Co., Mass., and in Hillsborough Co., N. H. His wife, Elizabeth, survived him; in his will he calls her Betsey. He appoints as executors his son, Lewis Gould Richardson, and his son-in-law, Edward Smith.
His children were :
* William Stone,5 born Oct. 6, 1750, was a son of Moses Stone,4 born Dec. 16, 1723, who was son of Jonathan Stone,3 born Dec. 26, 1677, who was a son of Simon Stone,2 born in England, 1631, who was many times representative, selectman, and town clerk of Watertown. The last named was a son of Deacon Simon Stone, who embarked at Ipswich, Eng., April 15, 1635, for New England and settled at Watertown. The Stone family of Watertown is highly respectable. [Bond’s Watertown.]
339.Peter Richardson6 (Edward,5 Theophilus,4 Ezekiel,3 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1), brother of the preceding; born Dec. 1, 1753; married, April 13, 1780, Hannah Bond,5 born March 31, 1758, daughter of Jonas Bond, of Watertown.* She died in 1823. They had two daughters whose names are unknown.
For a time he kept a public house in Brighton. Afterwards he kept the “Bite Tavern,” in Boston, on Exchange Lane, now Exchange Street. A Boston directory for 1800 locates him there at that time. He acquired a handsome property, which he exchanged for farms and lands in the old county of Hampshire, and then removed thither. His nephew, Josiah Richardson , son of his brother Edward, who died in Auburn, Me., 1865, aged 80, thought he removed to Ashfield. He died before 1830.
*This may be a mistake of the compiler. There was at the time another Peter Richardson,5 a son of Thomas and Mehitable Richardson, and about the age of Peter Richardson,6 in the text, who has an equal and perhaps a better claim to be placed on record as the husband of Hannah Bond. In a case like this, where the probabilities are so nearly balanced, it is difficult to decide. The compiler, after some consideration, is inclined to think that Peter Richardson,5 in the text, married, March 21, 1798, Lydia Brooks, of Lincoln, and not Hannah Bond. For the other Peter Richardson, see No. 1967, among the Posterity of SAMUEL RICHARDSON.1
340.Abigail Richardson6 (Edward,5 Theophilus,4 Ezekiel,3 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1), sister of the preceding; born May 1, 1756; married Oliver Brown, March 26, 1776.
Within a few months after marriage, he joined the army of the Revolution. At the battle of the Brandywine, Sept. 11, 1777, he had charge of one of the pieces of artillery. The onset of the enemy was fierce, and the Americans suffered severely, losing full twelve hundred men, killed, wounded, and prisoners. The. British loss was almost eight hundred. At the close of the encounter, Brown—so I am informed—was the only man left standing by the gun.
About 1796, he removed with his family to the new State of Ohio. I have no further information, except that their posterity “are respectable and wealthy.”
John Richardson,6 Esq. (Edward,5 Theophilus,4 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1), brother of the preceding; born in Watertown, Mass., July 16, 1758; married, first, March 7, 1790, Anna Bemis, born Sept. 3, 1764, daughter of David and Mary (Bright) Bemis, of Watertown. She died in 1794. Second, Dec. 29, 1801, her sister, Hannah Bemis, born Aug. 23, 1771. She died 1835,*
He was apprenticed to a baker, and carried out bread for sale. On the morning of the battle of Lexington, at the request of the selectmen, he carried a quantity of gunpowder from Waltham to Lexington. He afterwards served his country in the militia, and performed service enough to entitle him to a pension. In 1778, at the age of twenty, he removed to Concord, which was his home for twenty-seven years. His original business was that of a baker, but he afterwards kept a country dry goods store. He built and occupied as his dwelling the old County House, which, about 1789, he exchanged with the county for the Middlesex Hotel. There he kept “an extensive house of entertainment.” He was also a sheriff and keeper of the county jail. In 1802, he formed a copartnership with Jonathan Wheeler. The firm of Richardson & Wheeler carried on a large business. In Concord he also dealt in land, as an abstract from a deed informs us, to wit:
In February and April, 1796, John Richardson, of Concord, Mass., gentleman, bought of Amos and Samuel Lawrence and the minor children of Nehemiah Lawrence,&dagger of Groton, two undivided rights of land in Flint’s town [afterwards Baldwin], Maine. [Cumberland Deeds, vol. xxiv.]
In 1805, Richardson and Wheeler removed to Boston, and were largely engaged in traffic, importing goods from England and elsewhere, having branches of their house in New York and Baltimore. On the death of his partner, Mr. Richardson removed to Newton, where he purchased and occupied the elegant mansion, formerly owned and occupied by General William Hull, now known as the Nonantum House, and lived there till his death. He gave two of his sons a liberal education, and became connected by marriage with some of the most respectable families in Newton and Watertown.
He purchased United States land in different parts of the country; among the purchases was one in or near the city of New Orleans. It wasstrongly contested by law, and decided in his favor. He owned a large hotel in Cambridge.
His will is dated April 23, 1837. He died in that year.
His children by first wife, Anna, were :
By second wife, Hannah :
*The BEMIS FAMILY of Watertown.
I. Joseph Bemis, born 1619; was in Watertown as early as 1640; was selectman, etc.
II. John Bemis, born August, 1659, his son; died October, 1732.
III. Jonathan Bemis, born Nov. 17, 1701, his son; married Anna Livermore. Their son,
IV. David Bemis, born Jan. 25, 1726-7; married Mary Bright, Nov. 29, 1753. They were parents of Anna and Hannah Bemis, in the text [Bond’s Watertown.]
†These three Lawrences,’Amos, Nehemiah, and Samuel, were brothers, living in Groton, Amos being the oldest. Nehemiah, the second brother, died July 13, 1786. They were sons of Amos Lawrence, of Groton, by his wife Abigail Abbot, of Lexington, whence the name of Abbot came into the family. The great-grandfather of Amos, the last named, was John Lawrence, who came from England and settled in Watertown. Of the three brothers, Samuel the youngest, was the father of the eminent Boston merchants, William, Amos, and Abbot Lawrence, and with others founded the Lawrence Academy in Groton. He was also one who fought at Concord, April 19, 1775. The property in “Flint’s town,” which these brothers sold, had been the property of their father, Amos Lawrence.
343.Sarah Richardson6 (Edweard,5 Theophilus,4 Ezekiel,3 Theophilas,2 Ezekiel1), sister of the preceding; born June 6, 1763; married, May 8, 1782, Enoch Wellington, born Sept. 1, 1756, son of Joseph Wellington, of Lexington.
He was of Cambridge. He had a brother, Palgrave Wellington, who graduated at Harvard College, 1770; afterwards a farmer in Alstead, N. H. They were descendants of Richard Palgrave, a physician, of Charlestown, who came over in the fleet with Winthrop, 1630.
Enoch Wellington lived for a time in Woburn; then removed to Jaffrey, N. H., where he died. His wife Sarah died in Woburn. After her death he married Sally Wood.
The children of Enoch and Sarah (Richardson) Wellington were :
350.Elias Richardson6 (Moses,5 Theophilus,4 Ezekiel,3 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1), son of Moses5 and Mary (Prentiss) Richardson; born in Cambridge, doubtless West Cambridge, 1760; married Mary Rand, of Cambridge, May 15, 1788.
He was a painter, and also innholder, in Cambridge, and died there, Aug. 14, 1801, aged 41. He left no will; his wife Mary survived him. Moses Richardson —his cousin, son of Edward—was, in 1801, administrator on his estate.
I have found but one child on record, viz.:
587. Elias,7 b. Oct. 27, 1792.
351.Raham Richardson6 (Moses,5 Theophilus,4 Ezekiel,3 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1), son of Moses5 and Mary (Prentiss) Richardson; born in Cambridge, probably West Cambridge, 1762; married, Jan. 6, 1791, Mary Prentiss,6 baptized March 2, 1773, daughter of John5 and Mary (Scripter) Prentiss, of Cambridge.
Raham was perhaps substituted for Nahum; Nahum is once recorded. He lived in Cambridge, near the college; was a saddler, and died, intestate, Nov. 27, 1800, aged 38. His widow Mary survived him.
Their children were :
354.Theophilus Richardson6 (Theophilus,5 Ezekiel,4 Ezekiel,3 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1), son of Theophilus5 and Hannah (Chickering) Richardson, of Needham; born in Needham, 174–; married, first, Joanna Skinner; second, Sarah ______.
Their home was in Needham. He died there, 1795.
His children, so far as the probate records avail us, were :
These children were minors at their father’s death. Sarah Richardson, their mother, was appointed guardian in 1795. Isaac Shepherd was appointed administrator; probably the widow’s brother.
We can follow the Needham Richardsons no farther; even the probate records fail.
365.Josiah Richardson6 (Josiah,5 Josiah,4 John,3 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1), son of Josiah 5 and Lucy Richardson, of Litchfield, N. H.; date of his birth unknown ; married Lucy ______.
All our knowledge of him is derived from the Probate Records of Hillsborough Co., N. H., lvii. 219. From them we learn what follows:
He made his will Sept. 20, 1850; proved June 4, 1851. Of course he died in the interval. His wife Lucy survived him.
His children were :
Lucy Richardson, of Litchfield, N. IL, the widow of Josiah Richardson, who has just been noticed, made her will Aug. 1, 1868; proved Oct. 28, 1871. The legatees named in the will were,
367.Abel Richardson6 (Nathan,5 Nathan,4 John,3 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1), son of Nathan5 and Mary (Pierce) Richardson, of Woburn; born there, Jan. 12, 1750-1; married Ann Tufts, of Medford, Dec. 21, 1775.
He is known on the Woburn records as Abel Richardson the second, Abel the first being a son of Reuben4 and Esther (Wyman) Richardson, and born Oct. 23, 1736. See Posterity of Samuel Richardson . He lived on “Richardson’s Row,” now Washington Street, in the south-east part of Woburn, a locality now included in the town of Winchester. He was a farmer and shoemaker.
He died September, 1824, aged 74, leaving a widow Ann. His son William was administrator on his estate.
Children, all born in Woburn, were :
368.Nathan Richardson6 (Nathan,5 Nathan,4 John,3 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1), brother of the preceding, and second son of Nathan 5 and Mary (Pierce) Richardson; born in Woburn, 1753; married, June 25, 1773, Lydia Whittemore, of Woburn, a near relative of his grandfather’s third wife of the same name.
They lived in Woburn. The wife died there, July 2, 1817, aged 74.
375.*Josiah Richardson6 (John,5 Nathan,4 John,3 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1), son of John5 and Hannah Richardson, of Woburn; born there, Dec. 24, 1766; married, Susanna ______.
Children, born in Woburn :
*Transcribrs Note: There is an error in the numbering in the book. Josiah6 should be 375 but in the book it shows 369. Number 369 is Mary6 daughter of Nathan Richardson5 and Mary Peirce .
386.Daniel Richardson6 (Jotham,5 Nathan,4 John,3 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1), son of Jotham5 and Phebe (Whittemore) Richardson, of Woburn; born there, Sept. 27, 1766; married, in Rockingham, Vt., Feb. 27, 1799, Nancy Closson, a native of the State of New York.
After his father’s death, which was in 1771, and the removal of his mother with her second husband to Templeton, Mass., 1772, the family removed to the “New State,” as Vermont was then called, cleared up land in Mount Holly and Ludlow, and finally settled in Rockingham, Vt., near Bellows Falls, where Daniel was married, in 1799. There he died of dropsy, July 8, 1844, aged 78. His wife Nancy died in Grafton, Vt., May 9, 1863, aged 85.
Their children, all born in Rockingham but one, were:
Of this numerous family, only Julius and Charles were living in 1874. Six of them died of consumption.
387.Richard Richardson6 (Jotham,5 Nathan,4 John,3 Theophilus,2 Ezekiel1), brother of the preceding; born in Woburn, Feb. 27, 1769; married Sally Bowles, of Ipswich; published in Woburn, Nov. 20, 1794. They lived for a time in Woburn.
Child, born in Woburn :
637. Nathan,7 b. Oct. 3, 1795.
391.Jonas Richardson6 (Jonathan,5 Josiah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), son of Lieut. Jonathan5 and Lucy (Clark) Richardson, of Dracut; born there, Dec. 19, 1750; married, 1773, Dolly Jones, born in Dracut., Sept. 21, 1755, daughter of Nathaniel and Jane Jones; they were published May 8, 1773.
They lived in Dracut. He died there, Oct. 31, 1775, aged 25. Administration on his estate was granted, Dec. 31. 1776, to his widow Dolly. She married, for second husband, Kendall Parker, jr., in 1777; published Oct. 4, 1777, being then only twenty-two years of age. He was born April 4, 1751, son of Kendall and Mary Parker, of Dracut.
The children of Jonas and Dolly Richardson, born in Dracut, were:
393.Jonathan Richardson6 (Jonathan,5 Josiah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), brother of the preceding; born in Dracut, May 27, 1755; married, 1778 (published Dec. 13, 1777), his cousin, Mercy Richardson,6 born Dec. 28, 1759, daughter of Moses and Elizabeth Richardson, of Dracut. [See 411.]
He lived in Dracut; was constable, 1788; tythingman, 1790.
Their children were :
396.Josiah Richardson6 (Jonathan,5 Josiah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), brother of the preceding; born in Dracut, Nov. 6, 1764; married, in Temple, N, H., Dec. 19, 1785, Sarah Powers, of Temple, born April 1, 1769.
He was a farmer. He probably became a citizen of Temple at or not long before his marriage, as we find him taxed in Temple in the years 1786, 1787, 1788. His two elder children were born there. In 1789, or early in 1790, the family removed to Weston, in the county of Windsor, Vermont. They first occupied what is known as the Farrar house, a house yet standing, and the oldest in the village. After two or three more removes, he went to live with his son Josiah on the place now occupied by William Manning, where he died some time in 1822, aged 58.
His widow Sarah lived with her son Leland, and during the latter part of her life, with her son Artemas, in whose family she died, Feb. 28, 1855, aged 85 years, 10 months, and 27 clays. She was laid by the side of her husband in the old cemetery.
Their children, born in Temple, N. H., were :
Born in Weston, Vt.
397.Ephraim Richardson6 (Ephraim,5 Josiah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), son of Ephraim5 and Elizabeth Richardson, of Dracut; born there, Dec. 27, 1745; married, first, Eleanor Richardson; published June 4, 1768. Second, Mary Cheever; published June 27, 1776. I suppose the widow of John Cheever, of Dracut.
This family lived in Dracut. The father died there, Feb. 11, 1815, aged 69.
His children by first wife, Eleanor, were:
By second wife, Mary:
The father of these children conveyed, Nov. 7, 1798, to his only son, Ephraim, his farm in Dracut, on certain conditions, reserving to himself one-half of the produce of the farm.
408.Lieut. Obadiah Richardson6 (Moses,5 Josiah,4 Josiah,8 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), eldest son of Moses and Elizabeth (Colburn) Richardson, of Dracut; born there, Jan. 4, 1753; married, 1775, Hannah Hildreth, born Oct. 15, 1757, daughter of Elijah and Susannah (Barker) Hildreth, of Methuen, and granddaughter of Major Ephraim and Mercy (Richardson) Hildreth, of Dracut. [See 204.] They were published May 10, 1775.
He lived in Dracut. He was one of the executors of the will of his grandfather, Capt. Josiah Richardson.4 [See 104.] He was an active and influential man. His name often occurs on the town records of Dracut. He was a fence-viewer in 1776 and 1785; constable, 1778, 1779, and 1780; lieutenant, 1781; fish-warden, 1783 and 1794; tythingman, 1796, 1797; surveyor of highways, 1808.
His will is dated Oct. 1, 1831; proved 1836. He died in his eighty-third year.
His children, all born in Dracut, were :
409.Sarah Richardson6 (Moses,5 Josiah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), sister of the preceding; born in Dracut, March 13, 1755; married, 1780, Henry Colburn, born Jan. 5, 1744-5, son of Ephraim and Joanna Colburn, of Dracut.
She was his second wife. They lived in Dracut.
415.Samuel Richardson6 (Moses,5 Josiah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), supposed to be the youngest son of Moses Richardson, of Dracut.
We find a record of this man and his family in Pelham, the town immediately north of Dracut, and till 1741 a part of that town. But in neither town is there a record of his birth, nor are we told who his father was. But circumstances make it evident that he was a grandson of Capt. Josiah Richardson,4 of Dracut. Of this, there cannot be a shadow of doubt. As little doubt is there of a similar connection with the Colburn family of Dracut. But he was not a son of David,5 the ferryman, who had a son Samuel, the husband of Prudence Wood. The probability is that he was a son of Moses.5
Samuel Richardson, of Pelham, of whom we now speak, was born in Dracut, about 1768; married, first, Anna Parker, of that place, March 23, 1786, who died after the birth of two children. Second, Tamar Colburn, of Dracut, March 5, 1792.
He owned and cultivated a farm in Dracut, probably till his son Asa was old enough to take care of it, but lived in Pelham the greater part of his life. In his will, dated Feb. 26, 1842, proved May 3, 1842, he mentions wife Tamar, and the six children, now to be named, as then living, viz.: Asa, Minor, Hannah, Sally, Reuben, and David;* gives the farm in Dracut, on which Asa then lived, to his grandson, Asa W. M., of Dracut, on condition of paying a certain debt, and gives to Reuben and David the homestead in Pelham. He also mentions a granddaughter, Semantha Richardson, as living and unmarried.
Children, all born in Pelham, by first wife, Anna :
By second wife, Tamar:
*Nearly all these names are found elsewhere among the grandchildren of Capt. Josiah Richardson.4
418.William Richardson5 (David,5 Josiah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), son of David5 and Elizabeth (Colburn) Richardson, of Dracut; born there, Nov. 22, 1758; married, Jan. 12, 1786, Susanna Hildreth, born Sept. 30, 1764, daughter of Elijah and Susanna (Barker) Hildreth, and granddaughter of Major Ephraim and Mercy (Richardson) Hildreth, of Dracut. [See 204.] He was, therefore, cousin to Obadiah Richardson, just noticed, in two ways; both being grandsons of Capt. Josiah Richardson, and their wives granddaughters of Major Ephraim Hildreth.
They lived in the easterly part of Dracut. He lived to the age of ninety-one.
Their children, all born in Dracut, were:
420.Reuben Richardson6 (David,5 Josiah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), brother of the preceding; born in Dracut, March 16, 1763; married, first, Nov. 26, 1789, Dolly Colburn, born July 22, 1763, daughter of Jacob and Lydia (Hall) Colburn, of Dracut. Second, 1791, Deborah Butterfield, of Tyngsborough; published May 19, 1791. Third, Sarah Colburn; perhaps sister of the first wife.
He lived in Dracut, where he was tythingman, 1798, and surveyor of highways, 1807. He succeeded his father as owner and operator of the ferry across Merrimack River, between Chelmsford and Dracut, at the point where is now the city of Lowell. He must have died about the year 1838, administration being then granted to his widow Sarah.
His children, all born in Dracut, all by second wife, were :
421.Samuel Richardson6 (David,5 Josiah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), brother of the preceding; born in Dracut, Feb. 14, 1765, by family record, but by town record 1766; married, March 3, 1795, Prudence Wood, born Dec. 15, 1768, daughter of William and Abigail (Fox) Wood, Of Dracut.
He passed his life in Dracut; was a farmer; surveyor of lumber from 1800 to 1805; measurer of wood and bark from 1806 to 1814; member of the school committee, etc. We may hence infer his intelligence and respectability. We may also infer it from the excellent character of his children.
He died Dec. 9, 1844. Prudence, his wife, died Dec. 3, 1854, aged 86.
Their children, all born in Dracut, were:
422.Capt. Thaddeus Richardson6 (David,5 Josiah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), brother of the preceding, and youngest son of David and Elizabeth (Colburn) Richardson, of Dracut; born there, Jan. 14, 1768; married, July 1, 1801, Polly Currier, of Methuen.
He lived in Dracut; was a miller and a farmer; served the town as fish-warden, 1797 and 1820; as surveyor of highways, 1806; as collector, 1821 ; constable, 1811, 1812, 1821; school committee, 1815.
He died June 18, 1845, aged 77 years, 5 months. His Wife Polly died March 20, 1850.
His children, all born in Dracut, were:
425.Robert Richardson6 (Zachariah,5 Zachariah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), son of Zachariah5 and Sarah (Warren) Richardson, of Chelmsford ; born there, Feb. 3, 1756; married Jane ______.
He died at Chelmsford, Nov. 4, 1799, aged 43 years, 8 months.
427.Mercy Richardson6 (Zachariah,5 Zachariah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1) sister of the preceding; born in Chelmsford, Aug. 5, 1759; married, Oct. 16, 1781, Capt. Josiah Fletcher, born in Chelmsford, March 20, 1759, son of Josiah and Mary Fletcher.
Children, born in Chelmsford :
431.Elijah Richardson6 (Zachariah,5 Zachariah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel,1), brother of the preceding, and youngest son of Zachariah Richardson,5 of Chelmsford; born there, 1767; married Mary or Molly Howard, daughter of Samuel Howard, of Chelmsford. They lived in Chelmsford.
433.Rev. Elijah Fletcher (Bridget Richardson,5 Zechariah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), eldest son of Timothy and Bridget (Richardson) Fletcher, of Westford; born there, June 8, 1747; married Rebecca Chamberlain, of Westford, May 24, 1773.
He graduated at Harvard College, 1769. At that time, the names of the graduates did not occur on the college catalogue, as now, in alphabetical order; they were arranged, perhaps, with some reference to scholarship, but with more regard, probably, to the social standing of the parents. Hence the name of Theophilus Parsons, whose talents and scholarship were of the first order, stands the eighth in the class of 1769, while that of Elijah Fletcher appears near the bottom.
He was the second minister of Hopkinton, N. H., where he was ordained Jan. 27, 1773. In his parish he found a poor boy, named Samuel Webber, of good native talents, whom he prepared for college, and otherwise assisted in obtaining an education. Webber graduated at Harvard College in 1784; soon rose to distinction as a scholar; was Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy in Harvard College from 1789 to 1806, and President of the college from 1806 till his death, July 17, 1810. He was the author of a Treatise on Mathematics, which for several years was a classic in some of the New England colleges. “President Webber ever felt and acknowledged his obligations to his early instructor and friend.’
Mr. Fletcher died in office at Hopkinton, April 8, 1786, aged 39. His widow Rebecca married Rev. Christopher Paige, born at Hardwick, Mass., June 12, 1762; graduated Dartmouth College, 1781; was ordained pastor at Pittsfield, N. H., 1789; afterwards preached at various places in New Hampshire, and died at Salisbury, N. H., Oct. 12, 1822, aged 60. His wife Rebecca died July 9, 1821. His mother died at the age of 102.
The children of Rev. Elijah Fletcher were:
[Partly from Fletcher Genealogy.]
*He came to Marshfield in 1832. He was fond of owning land, and at length came to own 1500 acres. He was also fond of good cattle, and had a very large number. He set out a great number of trees which in 1874 yielded 1200 barrels of apples. A Mr. Weston took care of his place.
434.Josiah Fletcher (Bridget Richardson,5 Zachariah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), second son of Timothy and Bridget (Richardson) Fletcher, of Westford ; born there, Oct. 19, 1749; married ______.
He was a soldier of the Revolution, and was in the battles of Bunker Hill, White Plains, Bennington, and Ticonderoga.† In 1781, he removed to Cavendish, Vt., and soon after to the adjoining, town of Ludlow, of which he was one of the first settlers, and where he died, Feb. 27, 1825. He was a devoted Christian, and held various civil offices.
His children, born in Ashby, Mass., were:
Born in Ludlow, Vt.:
†There was not, strictly speaking, a battle of Ticonderoga, at least not during the Revolutionary war. I here follow the Fletcher Genealogy. The Compiler of that work probably intended the military operations which led to the capture of Burgoyne.
442.Lydia Richardson6 (Josiah,5 Zachariah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), eldest daughter of Josiah5 and Lydia (Warren) Richardson, of Chelinsford; born there, Dec. 7, 1763; married, Jan. 24, 17S8, Dea. John Farmer,4 born Dec. 1, 1762, son of Oliver3 and Rachel (Shed) Farmer, of Chelmsford.
He was a deacon of the First Church in Chelmsford from 1797 till September, 1803, when he removed with his family to Lyndeborough, N. H. From Lyndeborough they removed to Merrimack, N. H, where he died, Nov. 17, 1814, aged nearly 52.
Their children, all born in Chelmsford, were:
*John Farmer, born June 12, 1789, the eldest of the above children, was the distinguished Antiquary.† He was eminent above all men of his time, at least in this country, for an exact knowledge of facts and events embraced in the history of New Hampshire, and even of New England. He was strictly a self-made man. Fond of books from childhood, and especially fond of historical research, he was also familiar with the literature of the day. From sixteen to twenty-one he was assistant or clerk in a store in Amherst, N. H. Finding this employment too arduous for his health, which was always feeble, he left the store in 1810, and engaged in school-keeping, in which he excelled. In 1821, lie removed to Concord, N. H., and in connection with Dr. Samuel Morril opened an apothecary store. He had already heroine known as an antiquary, and had published two or three small historical works; but from this time he pursued his unpretending but most useful labors with great zeal, diligence, and success.
The most important and valuable of his works is a “Genealogical Register of the First Settlers of New England,” 8 vo. pp. 351, issued in 1819, a wonderful monument of patient industry. He also compiled a Gazetteer of New Hampshire, in connection with Jacob B. Moore, a New Hampshire Annual Register, a new edition of Belknap’s History of New Hampshire, with many corrections and additions, very much improved from the original work, and many smaller works. He died in Concord, N. H., Aug. 13, 1838, in his forty-ninth year. His memory is greatly honored.
[Am. Quar. Register for February, 1839.]
†Transcibners Note: The term is used for those who study history with particular attention to ancient artefacts, archaeological and historic sites, or historic archives and manuscripts.
444.Josiah Richardson6 (Josiah,5 Zachariah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), second son of Josiah5 and Lydia (Warren) Richardson, of Chelmsford; born there, Jan. 9, 1767; married, March 2, 1794, Sybil Richardson,7 born May 11, 1775, daughter of Jonas6 and Dolly Jones, of Dracut. [See 639.]
They lived in Chelmsford, on the farm which had belonged to his father, about five miles from what is now Lowell. He and his brother Simeon  gave a bond, dated Feb. 6, 1794, in which, in consideration of deeds given to them by their father, Josiah Richardson, they agree to maintain him and his son, Paul Richardson, a person non compos mentis, during life.
The children of Josiah and Sybil Richardson were :
447.Silas Richardson6 (Josiah,5 Zachariah,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), brother of the preceding; born in Chelmsford, Dec. 27, 1772; married, first, Oct. 30, 1797, Lydia Marcy, born in Dracut, July 23, 1776, daughter of Bartholomew and Mary Marcy, of Dracut. She died Oct. 1, 1803. Second, Lucy Tarr, born Oct. 23, 1778, daughter of Seth Tarr, of Georgetown, Me. She died Aug. 22, 1853.
He was a shoemaker and farmer in Westford, joining Chelmsford, and was one of the selectmen of Westford several years. In 1802, he removed to Greene, Kennebec Co,, Maine, as we find by a deed, of which this is an abstract.
Silas Richardson, of Westford, Mass., cordwainer, buys of Ebenezer Pinkham, of Greene, county of Kennebec, Me., for four hundred dollars, sixty-five acres of land on the northeast end of lot No. 106, Oct. 5, 1802. Recorded Oct. 30, 1802, in book iv. p. 278.
His children by first wife, Lydia, and born in Westford, were :
Born in Greene, Me.:
By second wife, Lucy :
455.Hon. William Merchant Richardson6 (Daniel,5 William,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), eldest son of Captain Daniel and Sarah (Merchant) Richardson, born in Pelham, N. H., Jan. 4, 1774; married, Oct. 7, 1799, Betsey Smith, born Nov. 5, 1773, daughter of Jesse Smith, of Pelham, N. H.
He graduated at Harvard College, 1797, and received the degree of LL. D. from Dartmouth College in 1827. He was for a time principal of the academy in Groton, Mass. He studied law with Hon. Samuel Dana, of Groton, and was for a season associated with Judge Dana in the practice of law. He was postmaster in Groton from 1804 to 1812. While a resident in Groton he was twice elected from the Middlesex District a member of the United States House of Representatives, to wit, in 1811 and 1813 ; taking part with the administration of Mr. Madison in those exciting times. In 1814, he resigned his seat in Congress, and removed to Portsmouth, N. H., where he resumed the practice of his profession.
He was the author of the “New Hampshire Justice and Town Officer.” The following notice of Judge Richardson was furnished by a gentleman well acquainted with him, and thoroughly competent to the effort of preparing it.
In 1816, he was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New Hampshire, which office he continued to hold during the remainder of his life, twenty-two years. He did more for the jurisprudence of that State than has been accomplished by any other judge.
With him began the first published reports of judicial decisions, and his opinions extend through the first nine volumes of the N. H. Reports. As a judge he was noted for his quickness of apprehension, his ready application of common-law principles, and his perfect integrity.. He had not access to large libraries, but added to a strong common sense he had a fine general culture, and a profound knowledge of the English Common Law. His numerous opinions are generally short and are based on acknowledged principles rather than authority. He used to rally his associate, afterwards Chief Justice Joel Parker, upon the length of his opinions.
They were both learned lawyers, and had the greatest respect and affection for each other. When obliged to publish dissenting opinions Judge Richardson would say, “Well Parker, no matter who is right, everybody will adopt my opinion rather than take the trouble to read yours.” He wrote his own opinions for the reports, and superintended the publication of the volumes. He was always prompt in his affairs, so that his opinions delivered at his last term before his death were found ready for the printer. His readiness to admit an error of opinion is remembered now by the older members of the bar. He had no false pride of opinion, but often would remark on opening the court in the morning, “I think I was wrong in my ruling yesterday, and on consideration will rule the other way.”
A graduate of Harvard, he kept up his taste for literature, and especially for languages, both ancient and modern, through life. He was a good Latin and Greek scholar, and after he moved to New Hampshire acquired the Spanish and Italian languages so as to make their literature his common reading for evening amusement. He had a taste for poetry, and in early life indulged in writing poems on various occasions. He possessed a fine taste for music, and played the bass-viol and sang with his family and the neighbors who happened to be present. His “fiddle” as he called it, was Made by his brother, Gen. Samuel M. Richardson, who was also a musician and amused his leisure by manufacturing these instruments for his friends. His dockets, in which he took notes of trials in court, are interspersed with musical notes of favorite tunes, with or without the words, sometimes several lines. He took very few notes of evidence, trusting mostly to memory, and occupied the time when the trial was tedious in thus writing music.
The Judge was also a botanist and left quite an extensive herbarium arranged and classified by his own hand. He took much interest in his garden and especially in flowers, of which he had a good collection.
He was no sportsman, but used often to drive with his children to Massabesic pond and fish from a large rock on the bank. Occasionally he went bee-hunting in the woods and was very much interested in the principle of that sport,, which is that honey bees, whenever caught, will strike a “bee-line,” i. e. a straight line, for the hive, usually in a hollow tree.
He had some peculiar notions about what we, most of us, consider the comforts of life. lie would not have a stove in his house, and open fire-places were the only means of warming a large, cold dwelling. His office was nearly as cold as out-of-doors, and the writer has often shivered over the law-hooks in the Judge’s office, when them.would freeze on the table and had to be kept on the hearth. He drove his long circuits, in his chaise or sleigh, 150 miles or more, with no gloves or mittens, till a few years before his death, when his daughters insisted on his taking with him some additional protection. They thought he really suffered with cold, though he insisted he did not.
There is no portrait of him, but there is one of his brother, the General, whom he much resembled. He was a large, fine-looking man, perhaps five feet ten or eleven inches in height, with keen dark eyes, quite near-sighted, quick in his motions and speech, and rather abrupt though never rude in his manner. On his return from court after an absence of weeks, he would open the door, and to the affectionate salutations of his family his first remark would be, “Tell Ben to take care of the horse,” and no feeling was wasted in embraces or salutations. Yet he was kind and generous and affectionate in his somewhat puritanic way.
In religion he preferred the Episcopalian forms, but there was no such church at Chester,. and he attended the Congregational meeting, and was on terms of intimacy with Rev. Jonathan Clement, the pastor, who was a man of high attainments. He rarely spoke of his own religious views, or, indeed, of himself in any way. he hated all shams and pretences, and having no mean traits himself, he maintained in all about him a high tone of honor.
He purchased the farm of Benjamin Brown,* in Chester, N. H., in 1819, and removed to Chester the same year. He was fond of music. In November, 1831, he and others formed a “Chester Musical Society,” with corporate powers.
He died in Chester, N. H., March 15, 1838, aged 64 years, 4 months. A discourse at his funeral, March 26, 1838, by Rev. Jonathan Clement, was printed.
His children were:
*Benjamin Brown came from Newbury. He was a long time in partnership with Henry Sweetser, in Chester. They did a large business, much of it on credit. To secure themselves they took farms in pay. He died 1818. His son, Rev. Francis Brown, D. D., born Jan. 11, 1784; graduated Dartmouth College 1805; married Elizabeth Gilman, daughter of Rev. Tristram Gilman, of North Yarmouth, Me., Feb. 4, 1811; was President of Dartmouth College from 1815 to 1820; died July 27, 1820. [Chase’s History of Chester, N. H., p. 479.]
456.Gen. Samuel Mather Richardson6 (Daniel,5 William,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), brother of the preceding; born in Pelham, N. H., Jan. 12, 1776; married, first, Abigail Spofford, June 26, 1798; second, Hannah Hardy (Smith) Greeley. She was a daughter of Daniel Hardy, who for a time resided in East Bradford, now Groveland, Mass., but removed to Pelham, N. H. Her mother was Sarah Greenough, daughter of William and Hannah (Atwood) Greenough. Hannah (born Hardy) had three husbands, first Rev. John Smith of Salem, N. H.; pastor there 1797 to 1816; died in Maine, April 14, 1831, aged 65. Second, ______ Greeley, a merchant in Portland, Me.; third, Gen. Samuel M. Richardson.
He passed his life in his native town of Pelham, occupying his father’s farm. He taught school in Dracut, 1796. He was representative from Pelham to the General Court of ,New Hampshire twelve years; and one year a member of the State Senate.
In the war of 1812, he was a major in the army of the United States, and afterward a brigadier general in the militia of New Hampshire.
He died at Pelham, on the old homestead, March 11, 1858. His portrait, procured by the citizens of Pelham, in recognition of his public services, is suspended in their town hall.
He had no children. Mrs. Richardson continued to reside in Pelham. His will is dated Jan. 27, 1857; proved April 6, 1858. His wife Hannah L. G. Richardson to have the use and improvement of all his estate, and Jonathan Whitehouse to carry on the farm, etc. The First Congregational Society in Pelham to have eight hundred dollars. The town of Pelham to have five hundred dollars. There were bequests to the American Tract Society, the American Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions, and the New Hampshire Bible Society. The remainder of the estate, not otherwise disposed of, to be sold, and equally divided between the children of the testator’s late brothers, William M. Richardson and Daniel Richardson, deceased ; an an equal share to the children of Anne R. French, deceased, wife of Henry F. French, to be equally divided between such of them as may be living at my decease. To my namesake, Samuel M. Richardson, grandson of my said brother, William M. Richardson, one share, to be paid to a suitable guardian, who will see to his education, etc. The testator’s nephews, Daniel S. Richardson and William A. Richardson, to be executors and trustees. [Hillsborough Prob. Rec., lxviii. 206.]
457.Hon. Daniel Richardson6 (Daniel,5 William,4 Josiah,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), brother of the preceding; third son of Capt. Daniels and Sarah (Merchant) Richardson; born in Pelham, N. H, Jan. 19, 1783; married, first, at Chelmsford, April 2, 1816, by Rev. Wilkes Allen, to Mary Adams,7 born Jan. 4, 1788, second daughter of Williams and Mary (Roby) Adams, of Chelmsford. She died Aug. 1, 1825. Second, Nov. 23, 1826, to her sister, Hannah Adams,7 born July 14, 1803, the fourth daughter of the same parents. [See 818, 820.]
He studied law in Groton, Mass., probably with Hon. Samuel Dana. He settled in Tyngsborongh, Mass., where he pursued the practice of that profession with much success. He was postmaster of that place thirty-five years; selectman 1817; representative to the general court of Massachusetts two years; State senator two years; and held various town offices many years. He died Feb. 12, 1842, aged 59.
His children, all born in Tyngsborough, were, by first wife, Mary :
By second wife, Hannah:
466.William Adams, Esq.6 (Elizabeth Richardson,5 John,4 John,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), son of William and Elizabeth (Richardson) Adams, of Chelmsford; born there, April 13, 1762; married, Nov. 1, 1785, Mary Roby, of Dunstable, N. H., now Nashua.
He resided in Chelmsford, his native place.
At the age of sixteen  he joined the army of the Revolution, and served in two campaigns, one of six months, in 1778, the other of eight months in length, 1780. In the second of these campaigns he was stationed at West Point, and witnessed the execution of Major Andre, Oct. 2, 1780. His elder brother Solomon served in the army the same length of time, and both returned together at the close of 1780 to Chelmsford.
He bought his brother’s part of their deceased father’s farm and built a house upon it. He was extensively known and highly respected.
He died Dec. 25, 1843, aged 81 years, 8 months. He had ten children, five sons and five daughters. I am able to give the names of only the following:
Nos. 823 to 827 are wanting.
477.Ama Richardson6 (Samuel,5 Eleazar,4 Samuel,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), eldest daughter of Samuel5 and Ama (Fletcher) Richardson, of Westford, Mass.;* born there, June 16, 1805; married, April 15, 1825, her second cousin, Levi Thomas Fletcher,7 born in Westford, April 22, 1798, son of Lyman6 and Louisa Fletcher. Lyman6 was a son of Joshua,5 who was a son of Joseph Fletcher,4 all of Westford.
The valuable farm of her father, Samuel Richardson,’ which the latter took in a wild, uncultivated state, is now, 1874, owned and occupied by the said Levi Thomas Fletcher. It is situated at Brookside, in the north-east part of Westford.
* The name Ama, several times occurring on the Westford records, is doubtless substituted for Amy, and this for Naomi.
489.Francis Richardson6 (Oliver,5 Eleazar,4 Samuel,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), son of Oliver5 and Chloe (Bancroft) Richardson; born in Chelmsford, March 6, 1795; married, May 27, 1823,† Mary Blodget, of Dunstable, born July 9, 1800.
He lived in Chelmsford, on the farm previously owned and occupied by his father, containing between four and five hundred acres, and which has been in the possession and occupancy of members of the family since the time of Capt. Josiah Richardson,2 their ancestor, and one of the founders of Chelmsford, who died June 22, 1695. That is, exceeding two hundred years. His petition for one-seventh part of the real estate—this being the number of his father’s children—was granted Feb. 17, 1817.
He died May, 1857, aged 62. His wife Mary died April 23, 1858.
Their children were:
†The Dunstable records say the marriage took place June 16, 1823.
490.Ebenezer Richardson6 (Oliver,5 Eleazar,4 Samuel,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), brother of the preceding; born in Chelmsford, March 1, 1799 ; married, April 23, 1831, Almira. Reed, of Westford, born Oct. 19, 1811, daughter of Zaccheus Reed, of Reading.
He is a farmer, and has lived in Pepperell ever since his marriage. He and his wife Almira are yet living, June, 1873.
They have had but two children, viz. :
492.Robert Richardson6 (Oliver,5 Eleazar,4 Samuel,3 Josiah,2 Ezekiel1), youngest son of Oliver5 and Chloe (Bancroft) Richardson; born in Chelmsford, Jan. 22, 1804; married Sybil Rider, April 20, 1830.
He lived in Chelmsford, and died 1848.
494.James Richardson6 (James,5 James,4 Thomas,3 James,2 Ezekiel1) eldest son of James5 and Mary Richardson, of Dracut; born there, June 17, 1742; married Sarah Clark, Dec. 1, 1767. They lived in Pelham, N. H.
Their children were :
495.Abijah Richardson6 (James,5 James,4 Thomas,3 James,2 Ezekiel1), brother of the preceding; born probably in Dracut, as his birth is recorded there, Feb. 13, 1748; married Judith Clark, Oct. 16, 1775. After his death, she became the wife of Abel Webber, July 2, 1788.
They lived in Pelham, N. H. He died, intestate, July 13, 1784. Administration on his estate was granted July 20, 1785, to widow Judith and Benjamin Coburn, administrators.
Their only children of whom I have information are :
499.Ezekiel Richardson6 (James,5 James,4 Thomas,3 James,2 Ezekiel1), brother of the preceding; born in Dracut, March 7, 1761; married, first, Betsey Coburn, Feb. 22, 1787 ; second, Dolly Llittlehale, Nov. 25, 1790.
They lived in Dracut. He died there, 1801, aged 40. Parker Varnum, Esq., was appointed administrator of his estate, May 14, 1801. An inventory of his estate was exhibited in court, by Parker Varnum, the record says May 12, 1801, but this is evidently a mistake; it is probably the date of the inventory. The homestead farm, in Dracut, adjoined the line of Tyngsborough, and was valued at $833; two cows, $38; other personal estate, $7.20.
The widow Dolly married John Butterfield ; published April 18, 1808.
Ezekiel Richardson appears to have had two sons :
503.Eliphalet Richardson6 (Philip,5 James,4 Thomas,3 James,2 Ezekiel1), son of Philip Richardson,5 of Pelham, by his second wife, Hannah; born Sept. 7, 1760; married, first, Levina Butler; second, Elizabeth ______.
He appears to have removed to Royalston, in the north-west angle of Worcester County. In his will—unless we mistake the man—dated April 18, 1818, proved Jan. 1, 1822, he mentions wife Elizabeth and children, Daniel, Betsey, and Lucinda. [Worcester Prob., book 56.]
Children, therefore :
504.James Richardson6 (Philip,5 James,4 Thomas,3 James,2 Ezekiel1) son of Philip and Hannah Richardson; born in Pelham, N. H., March 5, 1763; married Polly Taylor, June 23, 1800.
Their children, recorded in Dracut, perhaps born in Pelham, were :
513.Thomas Richardson6 (Thomas,5 James,4 Thomas,3 James2 Ezekiel1) son of Thomas5 and Rebecca (Reed) Richardson, of Westford, Mass.; born there, about 1750; married, first, Abigail Spalding, Nov. 28, 1774; second, Lucy Spalding (probably), about 1780.
He lived, 1778, in the easterly part of Dracut. He appears, also, to have lived in Pelham, an adjoining town, and to have married a second wife, Lucy, probably daughter of Peter and Lucy (Richardson) Spalding [233½]. We so judge because Lucy Richardson was appointed anministratrix of Thomas Richardson, of Pelham, April 19, 1786.
The persons whose names follow are entered on the Westford records as children of Thomas and Abigail Richardson :
514.Lieut. Wiley Richardson6 (Thomas,5 James,4 Thomas,3 James,2 Ezekiel1) son of Thomas5 and Rebecca (Reed) Richardson, of Westford; born there, April 1, 1755; married, first, 1776, Bridget Farrar, daughter of Joseph and Deborah (Richardson) Farrar, of Chelmsford. Deborah, her mother, was born June 1, 1727, daughter of Capt. Zachariah Richardson, of Chelmsford. [See 227.] Bridget’s mother died June 30, 1808, and her two children were among the heirs in the settlement of her estate. Second, Frances Poor, of Andover, May 15, 1783. Her name in the record of her children’s births appears as Fanny. They were married by Rev. William Symmes, minister of the North Parish, in Andover.
He was a shoemaker and a farmer. He lived in Westford, and died of old age—so the record—Feb. 1, 1846, aged 90 years and 10 months.
His children, all born in Westford, by first wife, Bridget, were:
By second wife, Fanny:
515.Abijah Richardson6 (Thomas,5 James,4 Thomas,3 James,2 Ezekiel1). I place this man here, because I think he belongs here. I find no record of his birth, nor am I perfectly sure who his father was; but he certainly had the sons whose names follow. I obtain their names and parentage from the Westford town records, and the probability is strong that this Abijah was the brother of Wiley Richardson,6 and son of Thomas Richardson,5 of Westford. He was born about 1760; married Elizabeth ______ and he probably died before the commencement of this century. The probate records afford no light on the subject.
Abijah and Elizabeth had these sons :
Benjamin Richardson6 (Benjamin,5 Benjamin,4 Thomas,3 James,2 Ezekiel1), eldest son of Benjamin5 and Ann (Brintnall) Richardson, of Boston; born there, June 26, 1769; married, June, 1804, Susan Drew, born March 22, 1779, daughter of John and Susanna (Symmes) Drew, of Duxbury. John Drew, her father, was a ship-builder in Duxbury. He had but one child besides Susan, to wit, John, who married Sarah Snelling; a captain in U. S. Navy, and died April 19, 1823.
Benjamin Richardson6 was a brick-layer and master-mason, as was his father before him. Both their names appear in the Boston Directory for 1800, as residing in Friend Street. Afterwards he dwelt at the corner of Sudbury and Alden Streets. He lived in Boston many years, and died in Scituate, Mass., Feb. 21, 1843, aged 74. His wife Susan died in Boston, Feb. 24, 1823.
Their children, all born in Boston, were:
517.Ann Richardson6 (Benjamin,5 Benjainin,4 Thomas,3 James,2 Ezekiel1), sister of the preceding; born in Boston, Nov. 1, 1770; married, Nov. 5, 1797, Robert Knox, born in Boston, Nov. 4, 1770, son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Barrett) Knox, of that place.
He was a sea-faring man, and in 1812 entered the naval service of the United States as a sailing-master. During most of the war, he was in command of gun-boat No. 85, performing coastguard duty. Afterwards, he was attached to the Charlestown navy yard, until compelled by advancing age to retire.
He died in Charlestown, Feb. 23, 1857, aged 86. His wife Ann died there, Feb. 28, 1851, aged 80.
Their children were:
518.Mary Richardson6 (Benjamin,5 Benjamin,4 Thomas,3 James,2 Ezekiel1) a sister of the preceding; born in Boston, Aug. 11, 1772; married, in Boston, Oct. 18, 1795, Thomas Kemble THOMAS, born in Boston, Aug. 3, 1771, son of Alexander and Mary (Kemble) Thomas. Alexander was a son of Elias, who was a son of Peter Thomas. Elias Thomas was, in 1800, living on Sheafe Street, Boston; whether the same or not, I do not know.
He was a prominent and successful merchant in Boston, dealing in English goods; first on Cornhill, equivalent to the part of Washington Street north of the Old South Church; afterwards on State Street. He acquired a large property. He died Feb. 20, 1849, aged 77.
525.Samuel Richardson6 (Benjamin,5 Benjamin,4 Thomas,3 James,2 Ezekiel1) brother of the preceding, and youngest son of Benjamin5 and Ann (Brintnall) Richardson, of Boston; born there, Dec. 25, 1785; married, in Boston. Dec. 18, 1825, Caroline Schetky, born 1796, daughter of John George Christopher Schetky, of Edinburg, Scotland, and of Maria Anna Teresa Reinagle. The latter was a highly gifted musician and miniature painter, one of whose sons, a brother to Caroline, also became a noted artist, viz., John Christian Schetky, who was born Aug. 11, 1778, and died in Edinburg, Jan. 29, 1874. He was marine painter in ordinary to King George IV., King William IV., and Queen Victoria.* The father, John George Christopher Schetky, died in Edinborough, Dec. 24, 1824. Several members of this family are residing in America.
Samuel Richardson was distinguished as a singer in his day; he had a very heavy bass voice, and was president of the Handel and Haydn Society. lie was often invited to assist on musical occasions. He was supercargo, clerk, etc. He died in Boston, Nov. 14, 1847, aged 62. Caroline, his wife, died in Boston, March 15, 1852. She was an accomplished performer on the organ and piano forte ; was organist some years at Brattle Street Church; also, portrait painter.
Their children, all born in Boston, were:
*This is copied from the London Times, which contained a long article referring to this artist.
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