The capitulation of Cornwallis was the last great military event of the Revolution. Nevertheless, much of the country was still occupied by the British army, and besides the necessity of gaining and holding possession of those portions, there remained the possibility of renewed hostilities, requiring the retention of a considerable force. On the second of November the army under General Lincoln embarked at Yorktown and proceeded to the head of the Elk, from whence it went into winter quarters in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and upon the Hudson, in New York.
The Committee of Correspondence and Safety elected in 1782
were Israel Beal, John Fearing, and Theophilus Cushing; they were re-elected
The probabilities of peace made the enlistment of soldiers exceedingly difficult, and there were very few recruited after the close of the Virginia campaign. The only names of recruits known to have joined the Continental army in 1782 are Solomon Lavingin and Elijah Beals.
Hon. Solomon Lincoln says that in 1783 there were twelve men in the service at Hull. Neither the date nor the organization to which they belonged have been preserved, and no list of these last soldiers in the Revolution from old Hingham has been found.
There remain to be added a few names not hitherto placed, known to have served in the army in some capacity, but whose company or regiment, place, or time, have not been ascertained. These are--
Jedediah Beal, Bela Lincoln, served on Daniel Dill, the "Protector," Lemuel Dill, Benjamin Lincoln, Daniel Egrey, Noah Nichols, Francis Gardner died 1780 Moses Sprague, on Jersey prison-ship, Jacob Sprague, carried to Halifax Jared Joy, and died on guard-ship, 1778, Benjamin Leavitt, Ebed Stodder, Seth Thaxter.Serving upon the staff of General Lincoln during the earlier part of the war as an aid-de-camp, and probably with the rank of colonel, was Nathan Rice. Colonel Rice came early to Hingham, where he resided many years. At the close of the war he was major in Colonel Bailey's Continental regiment, and subsequently commanded a body of troops at Oxford during the threatened difficulties with France.
Major-Gen. Benjamin Lincoln.
Col. Nathan Rice, aide-de-camp to General Lincoln.
Lieut.-Col. Jotham Loring, 3d Mass., Colonel Greaton, dismissed.
Major Hodijah Baylies, aide-de-camp to General Lincoln.
Daniel Shute, surgeon 4th Mass, Colonel Shepperd.
Capt.-Lieut. Nath'l Coit Allen, paymaster 10th Mass., Colonel Tupper.
Lieut. Hezekiah Ripley, Jr.'s 2d Mass., Colonel Bailey; Brigade Qr. in 1783.
Lieut. Joseph Andrews, Crane's artillery; mortally wounded at Brandywine.
Lieut. John Lincoln, 2d Mass., Colonel Bailey.
To these should perhaps be added--
Capt. Amos Lincoln, formerly of Hingham; moved to Weymouth,
Dr. Gridley Thaxter who is stated to have been a surgeon in the army, but in what branch of the service is unknown.
Dr. Peter Hobart, also a surgeon, the particular record of whose service is lost.
John Woodman, a private in the 7th Mass., Colonel Brooks, and marked "promoted."
Possibly, also, Chaplain Joseph Thaxter, formerly of Colonel Prescott's militia regiment, should have his name placed upon the Continental rolls; he certainly was in the army later, but the command is not stated.
Another brilliant officer, who was a citizen of Hingham preceding the division, but who by that event became an inhabitant of the new town of Cohasset, was Capt. James Hall.
It is possible to make an approximation only to the number
of men who served their country from Hingham in other than the regular
Continental regiments during the war of the Revolution. Many of the rolls
are entirely lost, others are incomplete, and some are partially worn and
illegible; the selectmen's records furnish valuable but very meagre information,
while from private sources almost nothing has been obtained. From available
information,--mainly the rolls heretofore given, and which are literal
copies of originals in the State House,--it would appear to be certain
that some six hundred different individuals performed military duty in
the several branches of the service. There were doubtless many more whose
names were recorded upon the lost rolls, or whose identity cannot be determined,
owing to the fact that oftentimes lists still exist which are nearly valueless
from a failure to make any mention of the town to which the soldier belonged.
There is reason to think that a number of men doing garrison duty at the
Castle,--now Fort Independence,-- in Capt. the Hon. Thomas Cushing's company,
were from Hingham: but there is an uncertainty arising from the home or
place of enlistment of the men composing it being in no case stated; and
the doubt in this instance is of sufficient importance to make it unsafe
to credit the town with any of them. It is quite probable, too, that numbers
of our citizens served in some of the various armed ships authorized by
Congress or the Commonwealth, but of other than those given as upon the
"Hazard" and "Protector," if such there were, no satisfactory records are
known. Very many, if not most, of the soldiers from Hingham served on several
different occasions during the war; and not a few enlisted or were called
out four, five, and six times, while the indisputable evidence furnished
by existing rolls proves that several responded to no less than eight calls
to duty in garrison and camp. In a few instances the periods of service
were short, being comprehended in a few days, but for the most part they
extended over many months, embracing the year consumed in the siege of
Boston, the time occupied in the campaigns in Canada, in the northern department
against Burgoyne, in the operations near West Point, those around New York,
the several Rhode lsland expeditions, that to the Penobscot, a part of
Washington's first campaign in New Jersey, and the many months, aggregating
several years, of garrison duty at Hull, besides that performed in Hingham
itself while the town was a military post.
It is impossible to reduce the whole to a standard of number of men serving for a stated time, but if every different service had been performed by different individuals, the aggregate outside of those in the regular three-years regiments would probably exceed one thousand.
As observed previously, it seems reasonable to estimate the different individuals as about six hundred in number; indeed, the preserved rolls name some five hundred and seventy. Of these, approximately, the Lincolns furnished forty-eight; the Cushings, thirty-seven; the Beals, thirty; the Whitons, including all the variations of spelling the name, thirty; the Stoddars, Stodders, Stoddards, Stodars, twenty-five; the Hearseys, Harseys, Herseys, twenty-four; the Gardners, twenty-one; the Hobarts, nineteen; the Towers, sixteen; the Lorings, fifteen; the Bateses fifteen; the Burrs, thirteen; the Spragues, thirteen; the Wilders, thirteen; the Dunbars, eleven; the Leavitts, eleven; the Lewises, eleven; the Stowells, ten; the Joys, ten; the Fearings, eight; the Lanes, eight; the Thaxters, seven; the Barneses, seven; and the Marshes, seven. That is two dozen names of the soldiers from Hingham included four hundred and nine individuals. The Hingham officers of Continental regiments have already been named; those in other branches of the service, as far as known, were--
Major-Gen. Benjamin Lincoln (before his Continental commission), Capt. Benjamin Beal, Capt. Peter Cushing, " Charles Cushing, " Pyam Cushing, " Job Cushing, " Isaiah Cushing, " Thomas Hearsey, 2d Lieut. Thomas Fearing, " Benjamin Lapham, " Walter Hatch, " James Lincoln, 2d " Josiah Lane, " John Lincoln, " Jacob Leavitt, " Seth Stowers, " Heman Lincoln, " Job Tower, " Levi Lincoln, " Theophilus Wilder, " Isaac Lincoln, " Elias Whiton, 2d " Nathan Lincoln, " Stephen Whiton, " Peter Nichols, " Enoch Whiton, " Jerom Stephenson, Lieut. Levi Bates, " Knight Sprague, 2d " Elijah Beal, " Joshua Tower, 2d " Joseph Beal, " Thomas Vinson, Lieut. Thomas Burr, " Jabez Wilder, 3d " Isaac Cushing, 2d " Zach Whiting, probably 4th" David Cushing, subsequently a " Peter Dunbar, captain.From official records still existing and other reliable sources of information, it may be safely stated that the town of Hingham contributed to the military service of the Revolution, including those in the Continental regiments and on armed vessels, nearly seven hundred and fifty men, of whom over fifty were commissioned officers. The number probably was really largely in excess of that here stated.
Almost from the surrender of Yorktown the armies of the new republic had been melting away, and when, on the 3d of September, 1783, the treaty was signed at Paris which acknowledged the independence of the United States, there remained with Washington at Newburg scarcely more than a skeleton of the victorious force which had taken a part in the grand drama enacted on Virginia's soil nearly two years before. November 25th the commander-in-chief entered New York with General Knox and the officers of the army eight abreast, and, at Fraunce's tavern on the 4th of December following, Washington bid farewell to the comrades who for eight years had with him patiently and bravely endured the dangers and privations of the field and the camp. At about the same time General Lincoln resigned his office of Secretary of War and retired to private life. From the opening hour of the Revolution to its closing moment, the roll of Hingham's drums and the inspiring music of her fifes had echoed through her streets and been heard on many a weary march, while the rattle of musketry and the dull roar of artillery served by her children had testified to her unflinching and unwearying patriotism on land and sea. Beneath the kindly enshrouding soil in secluded shady and forgotten places, from Canada to the Potomac, rest those who laid their young lives down in the heat of the conflict, while many an old moss-grown stone in the town cemeteries marks the burial spot of some soldier who in the early days of the nation "shouldered his crutch and told how fields were won," to his children and grandchildren long after the close of the War for Independence.
While with the advent of peace there doubtless came that reaction from interest in military matters which is common to all human affairs where the undivided attention has been too long fixed in a single direction, there was still, fortunately, enough patriotism left in the wearied people to listen to the urgent suggestions of Washington, and in a small regular army and the West Point establishment, provide a nucleus at least, around which might be gathered the forces for the defence of the young nation. Many of the statutes under which the armies were gathered and the militia governed still remained in force, and these derived powerful support from the dangerous and threatening condition of a number of the Indian tribes, from the menace which the continued occupancy in the West and North of posts and forts by the British constantly offered, and from the ill-concealed contempt felt by the empires of the world for the small, weak, and exhausted State in the Western Hemisphere. More than all, there was the internal discontent and distrust experienced by a weary and debt-laden people entering upon the experiment of new forms of government towards which many were antagonistic and in which a large number had little faith. To all this must be added the bitter disappointment of the discharged and half-paid soldiery, who, after giving eight of their best years to the service of the country, found themselves adrift, poverty-stricken, and for a time, at least, neglected. Fortunately, for the most part these men were Federalists, and believers in and supporters of their old officers, more particularly of Washington and were generally friends of a strong government and a national spirit. Fortunately, too, the militia organization for the most part remained intact, and many a fine regiment which had seen active service during the war was still under the command of its old officers, and in the ranks were numbers of disciplined veterans. The continued efficiency of these troops enabled General Lincoln, who had been commissioned major-general April 3, 1786, to crush the armed mobs under Shays with a celerity and absence of unnecessary violence which reflected credit alike upon the men and the officers, and furnished an added illustration of the tact and ability of Lincoln. Colonel Rice was also engaged in the service at the time, with other citizens of Hingham. The old town might well feel satisfied with her part in the termination of this small rebellion.
In 1781 Charles Cushing was colonel of the Second Regiment
of militia; Theophilus Cushing, captain, David Cushing, 1st lieutenant,
and Edward Wilder, 2d lieutenant of the second company; and Thomas Fearing,
captain, Thomas Cushing, 1st lieutenant, and Elijah Whiting, 2d lieutenant
of the third company. Theophilus Cushing became colonel June 9, 1787, Thomas
Vinson, lieutenant-colonel, and James Stodder, major, while Quincy Thaxter
had already been commissioned adjutant on the 8th of January previously.
Colonel Cushing became brigadier-general Sept. 12, 1798.
If there are any records extant of the Hingham militia companies from the close of the Revolution until the commencement of the War of 1812, it is to be hoped that the meagre historical notes here given--for they amount to no more--may incite production. In musty old volumes in a small, dark room in the basement of the State House, may be found the names of an enormous number of persons commissioned in the militia, which was for many years an organized army of no small dimensions--on paper. Beyond the dates which these commissions bear and the regiments to which their holders belonged, very little information is given. From the list have been selected the names of citizens of this town, but no attempt has been made to state the companies of which they were officers. As will be seen hereafter, there were two companies formed later of which some details appear:--
Duffel Wilder: Captain . . . March 28, 1807. Ensign . . . March 3, 1788. Major . . . . May 3, 1813. Lieutenant . . May 3, 1796. Lieutenant-Col. June 20, 1816. Thomas Thaxter: Colonel . . . March 28, 1818. Quartermaster . June 10, 1793. John Barker: Benjamin Andrews: Captain . . . Oct. 23, 1788. Ensign . . . March 3, 1788. Major . . . . May 18, 1797. Lieutenant . May 23, 1792. Lieutenant-Col. May 25, 1801. Jedediah Lincoln: Robert Thaxter: Ensign . . May 2, 1797. Surgeon's-Mate. Sept 1, 1800. Captain . . . Sept. 3, 1800. John Cushing, 3d: Major . . . . March 26, 1806. Captain . . . March 3, 1788. John Fearing: David Cushing, Jr.: Ensign . . . Sept 3, 1806, Captain . . . March 3, 1788. Lieutenant . . April 10, 1806. Solomon Jones: Captain . . . April 1, 1809. Lieutenant . . Sept. 3, 1800. Washington Cushing: Captain . . . April 10, 1806 Ensign . . . April 12, 1804.
Levi Sprague: Lieutenant . . Sept. 26, 1811. Ensign . . . April 10, 1806. Captain . . . April 15, 1812. Lieutenant . . May 13, 1809. Major. . . . June 13, 1814. Seth Hersey: Edward Wilder: Lieutenant . . April 13, 1807. Lieutenant . . March 3, 1788. Nehemiah Cushing: Captain . . . May 3, 1796. Lieutenant . . March 28, 1807. Thomas Andrews: Joseph Cushing: Lieutenant . . Oct. 23, 1788. Ensign . . . Sept 26, 1811. Francis Thaxter: Lieutenant . . April 15, 1812. Quartermaster . Sept 16, 1799. Elijah Waters, Jr.: Ephraim Andrews: Ensign . . . March 3, 1788. Quartermaster . June 7, 1802. Lieutenant . . May 2, 1797. Thomas Loud: Captain . . . May 7, 1799. Quartermaster . Oct. 2, 1804. Rufus Lane: John Beale: Ensign . . . May 23, 1792. Adjutant . . June 7, 1802. Jonathan Cushing: Laban Hersey: Ensign . . . May 3, 1796. Captain . . . Sept 28, 1800. Lieutenant . . Sept. 3, 1800 Scarlet Hudson: David Whiton: Lieutenant . . April 11, 1803. Ensign . . . Sept. 8, 1800. Edward Wilder, Jr.: Lieutenant . . April 12, 1804. Ensign . . . March 28, 1807. Joseph Hammond: Moses Humphrey: Ensign . . . April 11, 1803 Ensign . . . April 23, 1807. Martin Fearing: Abner Hersey: Ensign . . . Oct. 26, 1809. Captain . . . Feb 12, 1807.In 1812 the Hingham Rifle Company received a charter from the State, and for many years it was one of the famous militia organizations in the Commonwealth. Its first captain was Duncan McB. Thaxter, while the other officers were Jairus Sprague, lieutenant, and Daniel Bassett, ensign, all commissioned May 21, 1812. It was subsequently attached to the Light Infantry Battalion as Company D, although a part of the Second Regiment until that organization was disbanded.
Jesse Churchill, Bela Tower, Enoch Curtis, Walter Whiton, Allen Cushing, Cornelius Lincoln, David Stoddar, Josiah Gardner, Warren Stoddar, Matthew Stodder, Ebed Stoddar, Job S. Whiton, Archelaus Whiton, Peleg Dunbar, Samuel Stoddar, Constant Gardner, Luther Stoddar, Anthony Gardner, Enoch Dunbar, Daniel Wilder. David Gardner,Joshua Blake, born in Hingham, Sept. 27, 1778, died in Boston, Dec. 23, 1843, was a lieutenant in the navy, and subsequently served with Decatur during the trouble with Tripoli. He was a son of Joseph Blake, who lived in the house on the corner of Main and Elm streets, and who served with Major Samuel Thaxter in the French War.
Joseph J. Whiton, Captain, Enoch Dunbar, Jr., Private, Seth S. Hersey, Sergt., Samuel Dunbar, " Isaiah Wilder, " Hawkes Hobart, Jr., " Ezekiel Fearing, " Joshua Tower, " Bela Hobart, " Quincy Gardner, " Jacob Sprague, Musician, Jesse Gardner, " Isaiah Tower, " Warren Gardner, " Josiah Gardner, " Hosea Gardner, " Hosea Dunbar, " Constant Gardner, " Charles Whiton, Private, Moses Tower, " Nathaniel Hersey, " Reuben Simmons, " Stephen Gardner, Jr.," Thomas Stockbridge, " Samuel Gardner, Jr., " Isaac Whiton, " Silvanus Whiton, " Hosea Cushing, Jr., " Joseph Whiton, " Benjamin Wilder, " Theophilus Whiton, " Hosea Stoddard, " Charles L. Smith, " Leavitt Tower, " Laban Wilder, " Thomas Humphrey, " Charles Gardner, " Jared Jernegan, " Luther Whiton, " Daniel Shute, Jr., " Hosea Whiton, " Anthony Gardner, " Isaiah Whiton, " Ebed Hobart, " Daniel Whiton, Jr., " Daniel Dill, " John Titterton, " Josiah Chubbuck, " Israel Sprague, " Silas Chipman, " Henry Stoddard, " John Shute, " Lazarus Bowker, " Caleb Stoddard, Jr., " Bela Thayer, " Jeremiah Gardner, Jr., " Robert D. Gardner, " Warren Thayer, " Reuben Sprague, Jr., "At the time of the alarm Ned Cushing was adjutant of the Second Regiment; he went into the Meeting-house during divine service, and gave public notice of the news from Cohasset.
Jairus Lincoln, probably a soldier at the battle of Bunker Hill, was generally known as "Old Rodney." He was impressed into the British navy, and was under the command of Admiral Rodney when the fleet under that officer was engaged with the French fleet under the Count De Grasse.
When peace was at last declared the rejoicings in Hingham,
as in New England generally, were most enthusiastic. Stephen Cushing came
from Boston on horseback bringing the news. Mr. Royal Whiton used to tell
of Mr. Samuel Simmons coming to his shop with a horse and sleigh, and of
the two then riding through the town proclaiming the news. "We went to
South Hingham, and all the way Mr. Simmons kept singing out at the top
of his voice, 'Peace! peace!' -- he kept his voice going the whole distance."
There was a collation at Capt. Samuel Hobart's, the military paraded, the
bells were rung, and in the evening bonfires were lighted on the hills
and private dwellings illuminated. At some of the public-houses the celebration
was of quite as marked, if different, character. It is said that Captain
Hobart's House, especially, was the scene of a gathering composed of many
of the leading wits and political lights of the town, and that the rejoicings,
which were carried far into the night, were quite worthy of the great occasion.
For a time subsequent to the war little occurred of interest in local military circles. The Rifles maintained their existence as one of the crack companies of the day, and the standing companies continued for a considerable period the usual existence of militia organizations of the time.
The officers commissioned since 1812, excepting those already mentioned, were--
William Gordon: James W. Sivret: Surgeon . . . Feb. 10, 1813. Lieutenant . . June 29, 1820. Daniel Shute, 3d: Seth Cushing, Jr.: Surgeon's-Mate April 21. 1816. Ensign . . . March 5, 1818. Joseph Cushing: Cushing Leavitt: Captain . . . July 25, 1814. Ensign . . . May 2, 1820. Major . . . Feb. 16, 1818. Joshua Tower: Lieutenant-Col. March 28, 1818. Ensign . . . Sept. 25, 1820. Perez Lincoln: Joseph Richardson: Lieutenant . . June 25, 1817. Chaplain . . April 20, 1816. Captain . . . May 31, 1819. Henry Thaxter, Jr.: Jacob Cushing, Jr.: Paymaster . . Nov. 7, 1817. Ensign . . . July 25, 1814. Jairus Sprague: Lieutenant . . March 5, 1818. Captain . . . March 21, 1816. Captain . . . March 22, 1820. Samuel Hobart: Seth S. Hersey: Captain . . . June 25, 1817. Lieutenant . . May 16, 1814. Seth S. Hersey: Captain . . . March 5, 1818. Captain . . . March 5, 1818. Blossom Sprague: Adna Cushing: Lieutenant . . March 21, 1816. Captain . . . March 5, 1818. John Thaxter: Lazarus Bowker: Ensign . . . June 25, 1816. Ensign . . . May 16, 1814. Lieutenant . . May 31, 1819. Lieutenant . . March 5, 1818. Samuel Fearing: Captain . . . June 29, 1820. Ensign . . . March 5, 1818. Laban Hersey, Jr.: Lieutenant . . March 22, 1820. Ensign . . . March 21, 1816. Captain . . . March 26, 1822. Captain . . . April 12, 1820. Lieutenant-Col. May 21, 1823. John K. Corbett: Colonel . . . Sept. 3, 1827. Ensign . . . April 15, 1830. Charles Lane: Lieutenant . . June 19, 1832. Lieutenant . . May 2, 1820. Captain . . . Sept. 2, 1833. Captain . . . May 31, 1823. Charles Lincoln: Major . . . . Sept. 3, 1827. Ensign . . . Sept. 13, 1822. John Kingman: Lieutenant . . May 3, 1825. Ensign . . . May 31, 1819. James Stephenson, Jr.: Captain . . . May 7, 1822. Ensign . . . May 13, 1823. Marshall Lincoln: Lieutenant . . April 20, 1826. Ensign . . . May 2, 1820. Captain . . . Nov. 27, 1827. Lieutenant . . May 31, 1823. Anson Nickerson: Henry Cushing: Ensign . . . March 1, 1826. Ensign . . . Oct. 13, 1821. Lieutenant . . May 21, 1827. Quartermaster . April 12, 1822. Captain . . . April 19, 1830. Joshua Humphrey: Leavitt Lane, Jr.: Ensign . . . May 7, 1821. Ensign . . . May 21, 1827. Lieutenant . . Sept. 13, 1822. Lieutenant . . April 19, 1830. Captain . . . May 3, 1825. Joshua D. Turner: Benjamin Wilder: Lieutenant . . May 30, 1821. Ensign . . . May 29, 1822. Captain . . . March 27, 1822. Lieutenant . . Aug. 29, 1825. Enoch Lake: Lincoln Gould: Lieutenant . . March 26, 1822. Ensign . . . May 3, 1825. Captain . . . May 15, 1824. Samuel W. Loring: David Cushing: Ensign . . . Aug. 29, 1825. Lieutenant . . March 27, 1822. Lieutenant . . July 2, 1827. Isaac Waters: Benjamin Thomas, Jr.: Lieutenant . . June 24, 1828. Ensign . . . April 20, 1826. Charles Shute: Lieutenant . . Nov. 27, 1827. Captain . . . Aug. 1, 1825. Joshua Hersey, Jr.: Luther J. Barnes: Ensign . . . July 2, 1827. Paymaster . . March 12, 1824. Captain . . . Oct. 18, 1830. Samuel L. Fearing: Caleb Gill, Jr.: Ensign . . . April 19, 1830. Ensign . . . Nov. 27, 1827. Lieutenant . . March 18, 1834. Lieutenant . . April 15, 1820. Theophilus Cushing, 2d: Captain . . . June 19, 1832. Ensign . . . Oct. 18, 1830. Alfred C. Hersey: Lieutenant . . Feb. 7, 1831. Lieutenant . . June 12, 1824. Captain . . . March 13, 1834. Captain . . . May 21, 1827. Joseph Jacobs: Jacob A. Nichols: Ensign . . . May 3, 1831. Captain . . . Aug. 1, 1825. Lieutenant . . Dec. 25, 1833. Robert T. P. Fiske: Captain . . . April 7, 1843. Surgeon . . . Oct. 1, 1827. Captain . . . April 17, 1844.In 1833 the Washington Guards were formed and received a charter from the State. The Hingham "Gazette" of that and subsequent years contains numerous notices of meetings, some at Col. Laban Hersey's Hall, at West Hingham, and some at the Old Colony House, at which latter place they sometimes had dinners with speeches. Their first meeting with muskets appears to have been on Nov. 1, 1833. The meeting of December 13 was called at Wilder's Hall, situated in Wilder's Tavern, Lincoln Street. On December 25 the members were notified to meet at the Old Colony House to choose officers; at this meeting Edward Caznean was elected captain, Joseph Jacobs, lieutenant, and Charles W. Seymour, ensign. The uniform adopted was to consist of scarlet (VOL.1.--22) coats and white trousers, similar to that worn by the Boston Fusileers.
Charles Gordon: Benjamin S. Whiting: Surgeon's Mate Sept. 27, 1830. Lieutenant . . May 7, 1830. William White: Thomas Corbett: Paymaster . . Sept. 13, 1830. Ensign . . . June 9, 1837. Charles Lane: Lieutenant . . Feb. 28, 1939. Colonel . . . June 28, 1830. Captain . . . Aug. 15, 1839. John Stephenson: Elijah L. Whiton: Ensign . . . Sept. 2, 1833. Ensign . . . June 10, 1837. Lieutenant . . June 9, 1837. Lieutenant . . June 23, 1838. 1st Lieutenant May 18, 1840. 1st Lieutenant . 18 May, 1840. Captain . . . March 31, 1841. Charles Churchill: Ivery B. Gerry: Ensign . . . Feb. 28, 1839. Captain . . . May 3, 1838. Lieutenant . . Aug. 15, 1839. Isaac G. Sprague: Edward Caznean: Ensign . . . June 19, 1832. Captain . . . April 23, 1842. Lieutenant . . Sept. 2, 1833. John Todd: John C. Webb: 3d Lieutenant . April 5, 1841. Ensign . . . March 13, 1834. Quartermaster . July 13, 1841. Solomon L. Damon: Rufus Lane, Jr.: Ensign . . . March 18, 1834. 3d Lieutenant . May 18, 1840. Joshua Tower, Jr.: Paymaster . . July 13, 1841. Lieutenant . . March 13, 1834. Joseph Sprague: Captain . . . May 3, 1836. 2d Lieutenant . May 18, 1840. Lincoln B. Sprague: Adjutant . . . July 13, 1841. Lieutenant . . May 3, 1836. Joseph P. Batson: Enoch Whiting: 3d Lieutenant . Aug. 6, 1841. Ensign . . . Sept. 14, 1836. 2d Lieutenant . April 23, 1842. Caleb Hersey: John C. Eldridge: Lieutenant . . May 3, 1836. 2d Lieutenant . May 27, 1840. Captain . . . May 7, 1839. Joshua Hersey, Jr.: Elijah B. Gill: Major . . . . May 2, 1838. 2d Lieutenant . May 18, 1840. Ezra Stephenson: 1st Lieutenant. March 31, 1840. Surgeon . . . July 13, 1841. Nehemiah Ripley, Jr.: Joseph M. Whiting: 3d Lieutenant . May 18, 1840. Ensign . . . May 1, 1838. 2d Lieutenant . March 3, 1841. Charles W. Seymour: Elihu Thayer, Jr.: Ensign . . . Dec. 25, 1833. 3d Lieutenant . May 26, 1841. Lieutenant . . June 10, 1837. 2d Lieutenant . Aug. 6, 1841. Captain . . . June 23, 1838. Bela S. Hersey: Captain . . . April 5, 1841. 2d Lieutenant . Aug. 22, 1840. Colonel . . . June 17, 1841. 1st Lieutenant April 5, 1841. Moses Humphrey: Lincoln B. Sprague: Ensign . . . June 23, 1838. 3d Lieutenant . March 31, 1841. Moses L. Whiton: Henry Lincoln, 3d: 3d Lieutenant . Aug. 22, 1840. 3d Lieutenant . April 23, 1842. 2d Lieutenant . April 5, 1841. Nelson Corthell: Captain . . . Aug. 6, 1841. 1st Lieutenant May 27, 1846. Christopher C. Eldridge: 4th Lieutenant May 27, 1846.By a general order April 24, 1840, very many of the above officers who were then in office were discharged, but some of the number received new commissions to the same rank as those previously held. As early as 1831 the company commanded by Captain Nichols was disbanded and annexed to Captain Nickerson's company in the Middle Ward; thus the two north military wards became one. After the historical Second Regiment was disbanded, there remained in Hingham only the volunteer companies, the Hingham Rifles and Washington Guards. These were attached to the Third Battalion of Light Infantry, and with its disbandment March 31, 1843, the Rifles ceased to exist. The Guards appear to have lingered somewhat longer, for on May 27, 1846, Nelson Corthell and Christopher C. Eldridge were commissioned lieutenants in the company. Little was heard of it thereafter, however, and Hingham was soon without a company of organized militia, for the first time in some two hundred years.
In a little one-story wooden building, slightly altered
in appearance in these later days for its occupation as the intermediate
school at Centre Hingham, and standing near Spring Street, on what was
once a part of the Common lands, and not far from the site of the old fort
of brave John Smith and his men, there was quartered in 1861 a company
of the Fourth Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, known in military circles
as the Lincoln Light Infantry, composed of some of the best young men of
the town, and having a wide reputation for its discipline and efficiency,
It was organized on the 28th of October, 1854, and January 20 of the following
year Hawkes Fearing, Jr., was elected its first commander. The other officers
were: Joseph T. Sprague, 1st Lieut.; Luther Stephenson, Jr., 2d Lieut.;
Edwin Fearing, 3d Lieut.; E. Waters Burr, 4th Lieut. Edwin Fearing died,
and E. Waters Burr became 3d Lieut., while William Fearing was chosen 4th
Lieut. The two latter officers resigned subsequently.
July 4, 1855, the company had its first parade; and from that date to the day of its disbandment in 1862, this last of the many military organizations which had faithfully served the country, and kept bright the honor of the town, maintained the reputation of its predecessors. At the opening of the Rebellion its commander was Joseph T. Sprague; but its high standing was largely due to its first captain, who had then recently become lieutenant-colonel of the regiment. To the little armory where were kept its arms, equipments, and colors, which had been the pleasant gathering-place of its members and the scene of its drills and instructions, came with sober faces, and probably heavy hearts, the soldiers of the company on the afternoon of the 17th of April, 1861. The booming of the cannon across the bay of Charleston, sounding the minute-guns of slavery's death-knell, left to the townsmen of Benjamin Lincoln no alternative; and in the great march towards liberty which then commenced, the Hingham which nestled in her bosom the sleeping remains of the heroes of four wars knew no faltering.
The voice of the great leader who had arisen was not strange in her ears; and as it reached the home of his ancestors and bade the descendants of the Hobarts and Herseys and Cushings and Lincolns take up the old battle for freedom and give their lives that others might live, the response was as in the days of Church, of Wolfe, and of Washington; and the town whose forebears had first settled down here at Bare Cove and given it the name of the English home they had left, whose firstborn had helped subdue Philip, whose sons "went out" against the French, and strove with the Redcoats at Bunker Hill, through all the weary and sad and disheartening days of the long contest gave freely and generously of her means, and honored many a southern battle-field with the graves of her children. The details of the story can be scarcely more than touched upon here; the briefly related facts expand too greatly the limits of this chapter. In glancing back at the history of this exciting period, we cannot repress a little local pride in the recollection that the beloved President belonged, at least in a sense, to the old town, being a descendant of the Hingham Lincolns; that the Governor of the Commonwealth was our own loved fellow-citizen; that the company which upheld the town's honor and continued her noble record of devotion to duty was named after her great general, and its commander was descended from the old soldiers of the Revolution; and that, moreover, many of its members bore the honored names of ancestors who had faced death at the cannon's mouth nearly a hundred years before, -- while the second officer of the regiment to which it was attached was a grandson of the Hawkes Fearing who drew the Hingham cannon to Hull in 1776, and a relation of Capt. Thomas Fearing of the Revolutionary army.
On the 16th, after a meeting of the field officers of the
regiments near Boston in the Governor's room at the State House, Lieut.-Colonel
Fearing came to Hingham and called a meeting of the Lincoln Light Infantry
at its armory. During the day, Lieut. Luther Stephenson, Jr., had received
a despatch from the Governor announcing the discharge of Captain Sprague,
and ordering him to report with the company by the first train in Boston.
At one o'clock P. M. of Wednesday, the 17th, the members assembled at the armory, and at four o'clock marched out amid the ringing of bells and the cheering of the multitude. Taking the train, Boston was reached late in the afternoon; and the company soon joined the Fourth Regiment, to which it belonged, at the State House. After receiving equipments and listening to a brief address from Governor Andrew, the Fourth and Sixth Regiments together marched for the depots,--the former proceeding by the Old Colony, and the latter by the then Worcester road. April 20, the Fourth reached its destination, Fortress Monroe. The following is the roll of the Lincoln Light Infantry of April 19, 1861:--
Luther Stephenson, Jr., Capt., Henry S. Ewer, Private, Charles Sprague, 1st Lieut., Levi Kenerson, " Nathaniel French, Jr., 2d " Josiah M. Lane, " Peter N. Sprague, Sergt., George R. Reed, " Joshua Morse, " Benjamin S. Souther," Henry Stephenson, Corp., James S. Sturtevant," Lyman B. Whiton, " William S. Whiton, " Samuel Bronsdon, Fifer, Joseph N. Berry, Weymouth, Pr., George W. Bibby, Private, Parker E. Lane, " " Jacob G. Cushing, " Daniel W. Lincoln, " "The above were members of the company previously, but the following joined at the time of its departure:--
George M. Adams, Private, William T. Nelson, Private, Charles H. Bassett, " Ebenezer F. Roberts, " Andrew J. Clark, " John S. Souther, " John Creswell, " William J. Stockwell, " Fergus A. Easton, " Alvin Tower, " John W. Eldredge, " Isaac G. Waters, " George A. Grover, " George Wolfe, " James M. Haskell, " Elijah Prouty, Weymouth, Priv., George E. Humphrey, " Theodore Raymond, Weymouth, John Q. Jacob, " Private, Benjamin L. Jones, " Alfred W. Stoddard, Marshfield, George Miller, " Private.The company, which numbered forty-two at this time, was increased to seventy-nine on the 22d of May by the arrival of the following recruits:--
Henry F. Binney, Jacob Ourish, James B. Bryant, Albert L. Peirce, John W. Burr, Charles H. F. Stodder, Thomas A. Carver, Demerick Stodder, Silas H. Cobb, William Taylor, Charles Corbett, Charles H. Damon, W. Scituate, Jerry J. Corcoran, George C. Dwelly, Hanover, Isaac M. Dow, Hosea Dwelly, " Levi H. Dow, Francis W. Everson, Weymouth, George Dunbar, Charles A. Gardner, W. Scituate, George W. Fearing, Henry C. Gardner, " Henry C. French, John D. Gardner, " Albert S. Haynes, Herbert Graves, " Edwin Hersey, William B. Harlow, Hanover, William H. Jacob, E. A. Jacob, West Scituate, William H. Jones, Jr., John H. Prouty, " " Alfred A. Lincoln, William Prouty, Jr.," " Daniel S. Lincoln, Alpheus Thomas, South " William H. Marston,Two days after the departure of Lieutenant Stephenson with his men, a meeting of the citizens was held at the Town Hall for the purpose of devising means for the relief of such families of members of the company as might need assistance during its absence. Caleb Gill presided, and eight hundred dollars for the purpose was subscribed by persons in the hall. It was the anniversary of the battle of Lexington. On Sunday, the 28th, a large number of ladies, under the general direction of Mrs. Solomon Lincoln, met in Masonic Hall, in Lincoln Building, for the purpose of making clothing to be sent to Hingham's company at Fortress Monroe. April 30, Charles W. Cushing presided over a town meeting, at which six thousand dollars were appropriated to furnish supplies to the families of those who had been, or thereafter should be, called into the country's service. The Fourth Massachusetts was stationed a portion of its time at Newport News, and a portion at Hampton, from which last place it returned to Fortress Monroe on the expiration of its term of enlistment. It reached Boston July 19, and went into camp at Long Island. On the 23d the Lincoln Light Infantry, having with the rest of the regiment been mustered out of service, proceeded to Hingham, where it was given a formal public reception. A procession consisting of a detachment of the Second Battalion of Infantry, a company of "Home Guards," the fire department, a cavalcade, and a large number of citizens, was formed upon the wharf. Subsequently Cobb's Light Battery headed the escort. In front of Lincoln's Building a service of thanksgiving was held, and addresses were made. At the close of the exercises the procession proceeded to the Town Hall amid the ringing of the church bells and the firing of cannon; here a collation was served, and the men returned to the homes which they had left so suddenly three months before.
The subsequent history of this company was uneventful;
it may as well be briefly related here. Feb. 17, 1862, Joshua Morse was
elected captain, vice Luther Stephenson, Jr., honorably discharged. May
26, 1862, the company, then numbering forty-two men, was ordered to report
to Boston for active service, but was sent back to Hingham on the 28th.
June 23, Captain Morse having resigned, Peter N. Sprague was elected captain.
September 29 of the same year, the company was disbanded.
May 8, 1861, President Lincoln issued his first call for volunteers to serve three years. Elijah B. Gill, then a resident of Boston, but a native of Hingham, enlisted in Company I of the First Mass. Volunteers, and was made lieutenant of the company. Lieutenant Gill was mortally wounded July 21, and buried at Centreville, Va. He was the first Hingham man killed in the war. The following also enlisted in 1861:--
John William Gardner, Co. I; also in Navy. Died in service.
George P. Kilburn, Co. I.
John W. Chessman, Co. H. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps.
William Dunbar, Jr., Co. K. Born Hingham, Nov. 2, 1828. While a member of the 35th Infantry he was mortally wounded at Weldon Railroad, and died April 19, 1864, in the 36th year of his age.
James J. Healey, Co. E; also Co. K, Sergt.; twice wounded.
Lemuel S. Blackman, Co. K. Quota Dorchester; former resident Hingham. Born Dorchester Feb. 18, 1840. Died June 13, 1870, from disease contracted in service.
Daniel H. Burr, Co. K. Born Hingham Feb. 19, 1838. Wounded at Williamsburg May 5, 1862. Killed at Gettysburg July 2, 1863, aged 25 years.
James S. Dustin, Co. K. Musician.
Nathaniel Gill, Co. K. Musician.
William T. Barnes, Co. K.
Charles H. Marsh, Co. K. Born Hingham July 12, 1828. Mortally wounded at Williamsburg May 5, 1862, and died the next day, aged 34 years.
Edwin Humphrey enlisted April 20, 1861. June 13 he became First Lieutenant Company G, and October 11 he was made Captain of Company A. Captain Humphrey was the son of Leavitt and Muriel Humphrey, and was born in Hingham Sept. 6, 1831. He was the first man to enlist for three years upon the town's quota. He was a brave officer, and was mortally wounded at Gettysburg, July 2, 1863; he died the next day. The Grand Army Post in Hingham is named in his honor.
Alexander Hitchborn, Co. F. Killed at Chancellorsville. Captain
Hitchborn was born in Hingham in 1822, and removed to Brockton in 1854.
After resigning from the Twelfth Massachusetts, he became Assistant Surgeon
in the Seventh Regular Infantry, and was killed at the opening of the battle.
George Gardner, Co. E. Corporal.
John H. Blackman, Co. H. Quota Weymouth. Born Dorchester June 6, 1842. Killed at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1862. Brother of Lemuel S.
Laban F. Cushing, Co. K. Quota Manchester.
James D. Dunbar, Co H. Quota Weymouth.
John J. Edmonds, Co. G. Transferred to V. R. Corps.
James Fitzgerald, Co. G. Born Nova Scotia, 1841. Mortally wounded at Antietam, and died Nov. 6, aged 21 years.
Jacob Gardner, Jr., Co. H.
Samuel Spencer, Co. E. Mortally wounded at City Point, and died June 25, 1864, aged 20 years.
Henry Swears, Co. H. Quota Weymouth. Killed at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1862, aged 20 years.
Francis Thomas, Co. H. Born Hingham, Feb. 1, 1844. Lieutenant Thomas was at the time of his enlistment but 17 years of age, and the first of five brothers to enter the service. Entering the army as sergeant-major, he became in 1862 adjutant of the regiment, and in January, 1863, Inspector of the Second Brigade, Second Division, First Army Corps; he was killed at Gettysburg, July 3, 1862, aged 19 years.
William Wallace Sprague, Co. B. Quota Boston. Prisoner at Belle Isle.
William Carter. Transferred to 1st Heavy Artillery, 1862.
Anton Tapp, Co. L. Transferred to 1st Heavy Artillery, 1862.
John E. Morse, Co. B. Quota Fitchburg. Captain in the Invalid Corps. Afterward in 20th Regiment.
Michael Fee, Co. E. Born Leitrim County, Ireland, December, 1820.
Wounded at Gettysburg, and died in service Sept. 26, 1863, aged 43 years.
Charles W. Blossom, Co. I, Corporal. Born Chicopee June 29, 1840, and died at Hingham from disease contracted in service Aug. 26, 1862, six days after reaching home.
Dennis Meagher, Co. A. Died or killed in service.
Owen Murphy, Co. C, Sergt.
David Pettengill. Probably enlisted in 1861.
Philip Sullivan. Probably enlisted in 1861.
Thomas Weston, Co. E. Middleborough, Capt. Colonel Weston entered
the service as Captain of Company E., became Major Oct. 15, 1863, and Brevet
Lieutenant Colonel Sept. 2, 1864. He was a brave and efficient officer,
and was wounded at the second Battle of Bull Run. Has been for many years
a resident of Hingham, and represented the district in the legislature
in 1892. Was Commander of Post 104, G. A. R., in 1890 and 1891.
Benjamin F. Meservey, Co. H, 4th M. V. M., Quincy, 2d Lieut. Major Meservey became Captain of Co. K, 18th Mass. and was wounded severely at second Bull Run. A brave officer. Brevet Major.
Henry Jones, Co. E, Sergt. Quota Duxbury. Wounded at Bull Run, and again at Petersburg.
William H. Jones, Jr., Co. K. First served in Lincoln Light Infantry. Became Sergeant in Captain Meservey's company, in which, also, his father served. A brave soldier. Born Weymouth Jan. 26, 1841. Died from disease while in service, Feb. 12, 1864, aged 23 years.
Nelson F. Corthell, Co. A, Corp. Born Hingham April 1, 1838. Killed at second Bull Run, Aug. 30, 1862, aged 24 years.
Thomas Churchill, Co. A. Quota Boston. Born Hingham, Feb. 5, 1808. Died in service, Aug. 7, 1862, aged 54 years.
James M. Downer.
John Q. Jacob, Co. K. Transferred to V. R. Corps. First service in Lincoln Light Infantry.
William H. Jones, Co. K. Afterward Co. C, 4th Cavalry. Born Boston, March 23, 1816, and died in service Sept. 19, 1864, aged 48 years. Mr. Jones was the father of Sergt. Wm. H. Jones, Jr., and of Gardner Jones, both of whom also laid down their lives for their country.
Samuel T. Mears. Quota Duxbury.
William W. Robinson, Co. K. First served in Co. H, 4th Infantry, M. V. M. Born Hingham, April 14, 1835. Died of disease contracted in service.
Jeremiah Spencer, Co. K.
George E. Smith, Co. G.
Edward L. Tracy, Co. K.
Robert Tufts, Co. K.
Samuel Bronsdon. Musician. Also served in Lincoln Light Infantry,
James McKay, Co. I.
Alvin Tower, Co. A. Born Cohasset, Sept. 13, 1832. Mortally wounded
at Fair Oaks June 1, 1862, and died June 8, aged 30 years. First service
in Lincoln Light Infantry.
Edward O. Graves, Co. K. Afterward in 59th and 57th.
George A. Grover, Co. E. Also in Lincoln Light Infantry; wounded.
Andrew Jacob, Co. E.
Charles F. Alger, Co. K. Quota Boston.
John B. Crease, Co. A. Quota Boston. Born Scotland, May 26, 1839. Died in service May 16, 1862, aged 23 years.
William B. Cushing, Co. D.
George E. Humphrey, Co. H, Sergt. Wounded. Also in Lincoln Light
Edward C. Blossom, Co. A, Corp. Also in 29th Regt. of Infantry.
Andrew J. Clark, Co. H. Also in Lincoln Lt. Infty.
Samuel M. Lincoln, Co. H. Born Hingham Dec. 28, 1841; died in service Oct. 2, 1864, aged 23 years.
George L. Gardner, Co. E.
John W. Lincoln, Co. C. Quota Northborough.
Justin A. Carver, Co. C.
Thomas Conway, Co. F.
Peter Ready, Co. F.
Joseph H. Barnes, Co. K, Capt. Boston. Captain Barnes became
Lieutenant-Colonel in December, 1861. Brevet Brig.-Gen.
Waldo F. Corbett, Co. H, Corp. 1st Lieut. 1st U.S. Heavy Artillery (Colored).
George Thomas, Co. A.
Jacob Ourish, Co. I, Sergt. Wounded. Also in Lincoln Light Infantry.
Joseph C. Burr, Co. C, Corp. Also in V. R. C.
John Brown, Co. E.
William J. Stockwell, Co. I. Also in Lincoln Light Infantry. Born Hingham, Feb. 24, 1842. Died in service, Aug. 9, 1863.
John Sullivan, Co. E.
The Thirty-second Regiment, of which the basis was a battalion originally raised to garrison Fort Warren, contained many more men from Hingham than did any other in the service. Indeed, three of the companies, A, E, and F, were so largely composed of recruits from this town as to be regarded almost as Hingham organizations; and the movements of the regiment were probably followed with greater interest by our citizens than any other in the army. Its magnificent record for bravery and faithfulness more than fulfilled and repaid the expectations and pride felt in it. Capt. Luther Stephenson, Jr., recruited and commanded Company A, which eventually contained twenty-four from Hingham. Captain Bumpus, of Braintree, commanded Company E, in which thirty-two Hingham men enlisted, and in Company F there were twenty-two of our fellow-townsmen; besides these, there were six others scattered through other companies, -- making eighty-four Hingham soldiers in the regiment. The names of those enlisting in subsequent years will be found in their proper places.
Luther Stephenson, Jr., who, it will be recalled, commanded the
Lincoln Light Infantry on the departure of the Fourth Regiment, M. V. M.,
was born in Hingham, April 25, 1830. He became Major of the Thirty-second
Regiment Aug. 18, 1862, and December 29 was commissioned lieutenant-colonel.
He was severely wounded at Gettysburg, and again on the 18th and 22d of
June, 1864. Colonel Stephenson was a brave officer, and by order of General
Grant was breveted colonel and brigadier- general March 16, 1865, for gallant
services. He was chief of the State Detective Force from March, 1875, to
July, 1878, and in 1883 was appointed Governor of the United States Soldiers'
Home at Togus, in Maine, with the rank of a brigadier-general in the army,
which office he still holds.
George R. Reed, Cos. A and I. Born Hingham, Dec. 17, 1839. First service in Lincoln Light Infantry. Sept. 1, 1862, became 2d Lieut.; 1st Lieut. Dec. 30; July 20, 1864, commissioned Captain.
George W. Bibby, Co. A. Member Lincoln Light Infty. Aug. 21, 1862, 2d Lieut., and 1st Lieut. Aug. 22, 1863. Killed May 20, 1864.
Nathaniel French, Jr., Co. A. Born Hingham, Aug. 28, 1858. 2d Lieut. Lincoln Light Infty, April 20, 1861, and of Co. A, 32d Regt. Nov. 16; 1st Lieut. March 7, 1862, and transferred to Co. D. Died in service, Aug. 9, 1862.
Amos P. Holden, Co. A. 2d Lieut. March 26, 1862.
Edward T. Bouvé, Co. G, 1st Lieut. See 4th Cavalry.
Lyman B. Whiton, Co. I. Born Hingham Jan. 17, 1834. Sergt. in Lincoln Light Infty; 2d Lieut. Co. I, 32d Regt.; 1st Lieut. May 26, 1862; Capt. 3d Co. Heavy Artil., Dec. 31, 1862; Major 3d Regt. Heavy Artil. Sept. 8, 1864; Commander Post 104, G. A. R., 1892.
Thomas A. Carver, Co. E, Sergt. Wounded. Trans. to V. R. C.; first served in Lincoln Light Infantry.
Charles Corbett, Co. A, Sergt. Memb. Lincoln Lt. Infty.
John W. Eldredge, Co. E, " Wounded. " " " "
Henry S. Ewer, Co. A, " " " " "
James M. Haskell, Co. A, " " " " " Born in Augusta, Me.; one of six brothers in the service. Mortally wounded at Gettysburg.
James McCarty, Co. A, Sergt. A very brave soldier.
Charles S. Meade, Co. A," Born Walpole, N.H., March 1, 1844. Enlisted at 17 years of age, and died in service, March 7,1864.
Peter Ourish, Co. E., Sergt. Born Buffalo, N.Y., April 15, 1845. Enlisted at 16 years of age. Mort. wounded; died June 8, 1864, aged 19 years.
John Parry, Co. A, Sergt.
Nathaniel Wilder, 2d, Co. E, Sergt. Transferred to V. R. C.
John C. Chadbourn, Co. A, Corp. Wounded.
Silas H. Cobb, Co. E, Corp. Member Lincoln Light lnfty.
Jacob G. Cushing, Co. D, Corp. Member Lincoln Light Infantry. Born Oct. 8, 1836. Mort. wounded at Laurel Hill, May 12,1864.
John C. Eldredge, Co. E, Corp.
Harvey M. Pratt, Co. A, " Wounded.
Edgar P. Stodder, Co. E, "
Sumner A. Trask, Co. A, "
Edwin Hersey, Co. E, Musician. Also in Lincoln Light Infty.
Charles H. F. Stodder, Co. E, Musician. Also in Lincoln Light Infantry.
Otis L. Battles, Co. E. Wounded at Cold Harbor.
William Breen, Co. A, Corp. Died a prisoner in the service.
Henry F. Binney, Co. E. Also in Lincoln Light Infantry.
Ichabod W. Chandler, Co. E. Transferred to V. R. C.
William Fardy, Co. E.
George French, Jr., Co. A. Transferred to V. R. C.
Stephen P. Gould, Co. E.
Warren Hatch, Jr., Co. A.
Samuel J. Henderson, Co. A.
John Q. Hersey, Co. E. Born Hingham, Sept. 23, 1829. Died in the service.
William Hersey, Jr.
Wallace Humphrey, Co. E. Born Hingham, Sept. 2,1836. Killed at Cold Harbor, June 3, 1864.
Alfred A. Lincoln, Co. E. Member Lincoln Light Infty.
Meltiah Loring, Co. A.
Frank H. Miller, Co. E. Wounded Feb. 6, 1865.
Paul McNeil, Co. A.
John M. Nolan, Co. A.
Nathaniel B. Peare, Co. E.
George M. Prouty, Co. F.
James B. Prouty, Co. E.
Thomas Rafferty, Jr., Co. E.
Foster Remington, Co. E.
William F. Riley, Co. E.
John E. Snell, Co. E. Wounded at Gettysburg.
Franklin A. Stodder. Transferred to V. R. C.
Horace L. Studley, Co. E. Born Scituate, Sept. 24, 1837. Died in the service, April 1, 1863.
William H. Thomas, Co. A.
Ezra Wilder, Jr., Co. E.
George Wilder, Co. A.
Joshua Wilder, Co. A.
Horatio P. Willard, Co. A. Born Ashburnham, Sept. 25, 1819. Died in service, Nov. 6, 1862.
George A. Wolfe, Co. E.
James R. French.
George F. Tower.
William A. Daggett, Co. K, Bugler. Transferred to Co. K, 4th
Cav. First served in Co. C, 4th Regt. M. V. M.
Charles D. Kilburn, Co. B, Corp. Born Boston, June 22, 1839. Mortally wounded at Hope Church, Va., November, 1863, and died Jan. 4, 1864.
William O. Lincoln, Jr., Co. A, Commissary Sergeant.
Nov. 15, 1861, the town voted to raise three thousand dollars
in aid of the families of volunteers.
March 3, 1862, at a town meeting, a committee previously chosen reported that they had expended for uniforms, clothing, caps, shoes, etc., for the Lincoln Light Infantry, $1,331.27, and to volunteers in other companies, $1850.
July 5, 1862, the town voted $5,000 for the payment of State aid, and $1,000 as town aid, to volunteers and their families in the service of the United States.
July 11, a meeting of citizens, held in reference to raising the town's quota of three hundred thousand men called for by the President on the 2d of the same month, voted to recommend the payment of $75 to each man volunteering on the town's quota; at a meeting four days later, the amount recommended for this purpose was increased to $100, and this sum was voted by the town at a meeting on the 19th.
Numerous meetings of citizens were held in aid of recruiting
by the town during the summer, and on August 15 at a town meeting, it was
voted to give one hundred dollars in addition to the sum previously voted
to be paid to volunteers for three years on the first quota; and at a meeting
of the town on the 29th of the month the amount of bounty to be paid for
each volunteer upon the second quota was increased fifty dollars.
In the autumn of 1862, two companies of "Home Guards" were formed; they paraded as a battalion on the 22d of October, and a second parade took place November 4.
During the summer of 1862 the Government had called for three hundred thousand nine-months men, in addition to those already required for three years' service. On the quota for nine months, Hingham was required to furnish eighty-three men. Many of these were at the time borrowed from Plymouth, Middleborough, and Quincy, but were soon afterwards returned. The following were enlisted for nine months:--
Tilson Fuller, Co. K, Corp.
Caleb B. Marsh, Co. A. Prisoner at Donaldsonville.
Jairus Lincoln, Jr., Co. E, Sergt.
George Smith, Co. F. Quota Newton. Wounded.
Augustus Bolling, Co. C.
Swan P. Colberg, Co. C.
James Corcoran, Co. C.
Patrick McCrane, Co. C.
Michael Reardon, Co. C.
John C. Whiton, Lieutenant-Colonel. Born Hingham, Aug. 22, 1828.
First served as Captain of the Second Battalion M.V.M., in garrison duty
at Fort Warren, then as Captain and Lieutenant-Colonel in the 43d Regiment
of nine-months men. Was subsequently Lieutenant-Colonel and Colonel of
the 58th Regiment, and was wounded at Bethesda Church.
Dexter Grose, Co. F, Sergt. Two brothers of Sergt. Grose were in the service.
George W. Fearing, Co. K, Corp. Formerly in LincoIn Light Infantry.
Loring H. Cushing, Co. K.
Isaac F. Goodwin, Co. K.
Hollis Hersey, Co. K. Born Hingham May 3, 1833. Died from disease contracted in service, Aug. 30, 1865, aged 31 years.
Peter Loring, Co. K.
Daniel McKenna, Co. K.
Samuel C. Souther, Co. K.
Thomas Souther, Co. K.
Charles Tower, Co. K.
William Waters Sprague, Co. A.
Robert M. Cummings, Co. B. From Braintree; served in Hingham's quota.
Frederick W. Cotton, Co. K.
Alvin Blanchard, Jr., Co. D.
Charles H. Bailey, Co. A.
James L. Hunt, Co. H.
William Jones, Co. D.
Levi Kenerson, Co. D. First service in Lincoln Light Infantry.
John H. Litchfield, Co. D.
John A. Reed, Co. D.
Ezra T. C. Stephenson, Co. D.
William L. Stephenson, Co. D.
Robert Burnside, Co. I. Of Boston.
Ernest F. Eichborn, Co. G.
Edwin G. Evans, Co. B. Of Dorchester.
Jacob A. Ewell, Co. B. Of Dorchester.
Francis Hersey, Co. G.
Henry O. Little, Co. G.
William Lowry, Jr., Co. G.
Josiah L. Marsh, Co. G.
John R. Mayhew, Co. G.
Daniel. W. Pendergast, Co. G. Died of disease contracted in service.
James Souther, Co. G.
Artemas Sprague, Co. G.
Edward Trabbitts, Co. G. Of Boston.
Hubert J. Tulley, Co. G.
Daniel J. Wall, Co. G.
Charles H. Brown, Co. E.
Joseph M. Thomas. Lieut. in 42d Regt.
The three-years men who enlisted in 1862 were:--
William H. Beal, Co. K. Born Hingham, Oct. 9, 1841. Severely
wounded at Gettysburg; gradually failed, and died Dec. 20, 1865. Also in
Joseph M. Poole, Co. F.
Thomas Tinsley, Co. K. Born England, Aug. 7, 1821; died May 11, 1863, from wounds received at Chancellorsville.
Isaac B. Damon, Co, I.
Ebenezer F. Roberts, Co. A. Wounded and transferred to V.R.C. First served in Lincoln Light Infty.
John J. Breen, Co. K, Corp. Wounded at Spottsylvania.
William C. Miller, Co. B. Wounded at Williamsburg, May 3, 1862.
George W. Stodder, Co. H.
Daniel Daley, Co. H. Wounded at Fredericksburg.
Albert F. Barnes, Co. A.
John G. Dawes, Co. K, Sergt. Transferred to 2d La. Volunteers, and commissioned 2d Lieut.
George M. Hudson, Co. F. 2d Lieut. Dec. 29, 1862; 1st Lieut.
Sept. 29, 1863. Wounded at Laurel Hill, May 12, 1864.
Thomas D. Blossom, Co. E, Sergt. Wounded at Petersburg,(-unreadable text-)18, 1864.
Leonard E. Baker, Co. F. Wounded at Gravelly Run.
Isaac G. Waters, Co. F. Trans. to V. R. C. First served Lincoln Light lnfty.
Theophilus Cushing, Jr., Co. F, Corp.
William L. Dawes, Co. F. Wounded Cold Harbor.
Thomas L. French, Co. F, Corp.
Washington L. Stodder, Co. F, Corp. Born at Hingham, Aug. 26, 1841. Mortally wounded Spottsylvania Court House, May 12, 1864.
Ephraim Anderson, Co. F.
Daniel L. Beal, Co. F. Born Cohasset, June 23, 1832. Died in service, July 29, 1864.
Laban O. Beal, Co. F.
Patrick Callahan, Co. K.
Rufus Churchill, Co. F.
Gustavus T. Corthell, Co. F.
Henry Gardner, Co. F. Transferred to V.R.C. and made Sergt.
William H. Hersey, Co. F.
Sylvanus H. Higgins, Co. F.
Joshua Jacob, Jr., Co. D.
Frank Jermyn, Co. F.
Gardner Jones, born Boston, Jan. 10, 1843. Died June 1, 1864, of wounds received at Laurel Hill, aged 21 years.
Morallus Lane, Co. F.
Henry G. Morse, Co. F.
John S. Souther, Co. A. First service in Lincoln Light Infantry.
Demerick Stodder, Co. F. Born Hingham, Nov. 23, 1839. First served in Lincoln Light Infty. Killed at Gettysburg, July 2, 1863.
William Taylor, Co. F. First served in Lincoln Light, Infantry.
Oliver Burrill, Co. H. 2d Lieut. Aug. 11, 1862; 1st Lieut. Dec.
George M. Adams, Co. H, Sergt. Wounded. Trans. to V. R. C. Served in Lincoln Light Infty.
Jason Gardner, Co. H, Musician. Quota Weymouth
David W. Cushing, Co. H. Born Weymouth, Dec. 8, 1831, and served in quota of that town. Killed at Antietam, Sept. 17, 1862.
Perez F. Fearing, Co. I. Born Hingham, Aug. 19, 1842. Mort. wounded at the Mine, July 30, 1864.
H----n Thomas, Co. D. Quota Waltham.
Ja---- H. Wade, Capt. Aug. 20, 1862.
Louis T. V. Cazaire, Co. l. 2d Lieut. June 16., 1864. Subsequently in 89th Regt. U.S. Colored Troops, and later on staff of General Canby.
Billi---- Merritt, Co. D, Sergt.
Henry Brown, Co. D. Transferred to the navy.
Cyrus Chase, Co. I.
Thomas Hervey, Co. I. Of Charlestown. Killed Aug. 13, 1863, at Bis----- La., aged 37 years.
(----means unreadable text-)
Joshua Roach, Co. H. Died in service, June 1,1863, aged 38 yrs.
Cushman Rounds, Co. H.
Peter H. Royal, Co. H.
Williams Rich, Co. I.
Thaddeus Churchill, Co. D, Sergt. 2d Lieut. 3d U.S. Col'd lnfty.
John H. Prouty, Co. G, Sergt.; 2d Lieut. First served in Lincoln Light Infty.
John W. Bailey, Co. G, Sergt.
Henry C. French, Co. G, Sergt. Born Hingham, June 30, 1836. First served in Lincoln Light Infantry. Murdered while a prisoner at Belle Isle, Va., Aug. 26, 1864, aged 28. One of three brothers, all of whom gave their lives for their country and ours.
William H. Jacob, Co. G, Sergt.
Charles C. Bailey, Co. G, Corp.
Benjamin C. Lincoln, Co. G. Capt. 2d U.S. Col'd Infty., 1863; Major, July 20, 1864. Born Hingham, Aug. 12, 1840. Mort. wounded at Natural Bridge, Fla., March 8, 1865.
Henry F. Miller, Co. G, Corp. Born Salem, Jan. 30, 1845. Mort. wounded at Laurel Hill, May 8, 1864, aged 19 yrs.
Charles C. Young, Co. G, Corp.
Charles E. Bates, Co. G. Born Cohasset, Dec. 16, 1837. Wounded at Laurel Hill. Died in service, Nov. 2, 1864, aged 26 years.
Timothy B. Chapman, Co. G.
Eleazer Chubbuck, Jr., Co. G, James T. Churchill. Born Hingham, May 9, 1841. Died in Andersonville Prison, June 23, 1864, aged 23 years.
John Cresswell, Co. G. First served in Lincoln Lt. Infantry.
Andrew J. Damon, Co. G. Born Scituate, June 14, 1843. Died of disease contracted in service, Oct. 27, 1863, aged 20 years.
Charles E. French, Co. G. Born Hingham, Aug. 2, 1842. Died a prisoner at Salisbury, N. C., Nov. 28, 1864, aged 22 years.
George D. Gardner, Co. G. Born Boston, Aug. 27, 1828. Died in service, Aug. 4, 1864, aged 36 years.
Alvin R. Glines, Co. G.
Albert S. Haynes, Co. G. Born Hanover, Sept., 1843. First served in Lincoln Light lnfty. Mort. wounded at Laurel Hill, and died June 11, 1864, aged 21 years.
Albert Hersey, Co. G.
George L. Hersey, Co. G.
Henry F. Hersey, Co. G. Prisoner at Libby Prison.
Charles Leroy, Co. G.
John S. Neal, Co. G. Born at Hebron, N.H., Nov., 1831. Died in prison at Salisbury, N. C., July 16, 1865, aged 33 years.
Levi C. Newcomb, Co. G.
Charles H. Poole, Co. G.
Benjamin W. Prouty, Co. G.
Elijah Prouty, Co. G. Died in service Dec. 9, 1863. Served in Lincoln Light Infantry.
Isaac Prouty, Co. G. Transferred to V. R. C.
William Prouty, Jr., Co. G. Served also in Lincoln Light Infty.
Joseph Simmons, Co. G. Born Scituate, April 11, 1829. Died in service March 3, 1864, aged 35 years.
Edward A. F. Spear, Co. G. Born Norwich, Vt., March 13, 1828. Died in Salisbury, N. C., prison Jan. 20, 1865, aged 37 years.
Thomas Sprague, 2d, Co. G. Born Oct. 25, 1826. Died in service April 24, 1864, aged 37 years.
Seth M. Sprague, Co. G.
Alonzo G. Stockwell, Co. G. Wounded at Weldon Railroad.
Charles H. Tisdale, Co. G.
Frank J. Torrey, Co. G. Wounded at Laurel Hill.
Albert Wilder, Co. G. Born Hingham, Feb. 28, 1842. Mortally wounded at Laurel Hill, May 8 1864. Died June 1, 1864, aged 22 years.
Jeremiah J. Corcoran, Co. A. First served in Lincoln Light Infantry.
Mort. wounded June 3, and died June 10, aged 28 years.
Ensign Lincoln, Co. I.
At a town meeting held March 9, 1863, the sum of $9000
was placed at the disposal of the Selectmen for the payment of State aid
to the families of volunteers; it was also voted to raise $800 as town
aid to the families of volunteers.
Aug. 14 the town voted that $15000 be raised by the Town and appropriated for the aid of the wives, children, parents, brothers, and sisters of such as might be drafted into the service.
During this year numerous war meetings were held by the citizens for the purpose of encouraging enlistments, and strenuous efforts were also made to procure recruits in order to avoid the necessity of a draft being enforced in the town.
These proved unavailing, however, and on July 20 a number of names were drawn at Taunton for the purpose of supplying the only deficiency that ever occurred in any of Hingham's quotas. So far as is known, only William K. Gould, Sewall Pugsley, and Don Pedro Wilson ever joined the army under the requisition, while fifteen others obtained exemption by the payment of the sum required by law for commutation.
Sewall Pugsley and Don Pedro Wilson never returned to the homes which they loved, both laying down their lives in the country's service.
The names of the men enlisting for three years in 1863 are--
Wallace Thomas, Co. K.
Don Pedro Wilson, Co. A. Born at Dracut, Aug. 16, 1821. August, 1863, drafted into the service. Probably taken prisoner Oct. 23, 1863, and never since heard from.
William K. Gould, Co. F. Also in 5th Battery and 32d Regt.
Sewall Pugsley, Co. F. Born Hiram, Me., March 20, 1831. One of the three drafted men from Hingham; died in service Nov. 12, 1863, aged 32 years.
William K. Gould, Co. L. One of the three drafted men from Hingham.
David H. Champlin, Co. B.
Louis L. Simpson, Co. G.
Alphonso Marsh. Private 21st Mass. Infty. 2d Lieut. 55th Infty. Aug. 21, 1863. 1st Lieut. July 9, 1864.
Hosea O. Barnes. Born Scituate, June 13, 1842; killed at Jones's Farm, May 30, 1864, aged 22 years.
Webster A. Cushing, Co. D, Corp.
Lyman B. Whiton, Major. See 32d Reg.
Edwin Thomas, Co. K, Captain. Born Hingham. Private 1st Unattached Co. Heavy Artil.; Jan. 1863, 2d Lieut. 3 Co.; May 25, 1863, 1st Lieut.; Sept. 8, 1864, Capt. Co. K., 3d Regt. Heavy Artil. Quota Weymouth.
Francis K. Meade, Co. A. Qt. Sergt.
Franz Burhenne, Co. A, Corporal.
John B. Batchelder, Co. A, Artificer.
Jonathan B. Ackerman, Co. A.
Fielder B'otting, Co. A.
George A. Chubbuck, Co. A. Transferred to Navy.
Daniel H. Miller, Co. A.
Levi H. Dow, Co. E. Served in Lincoln Light lnfty. and in Co. E, 17 Regt. U.S. A. (Regulars).
Joseph H. Noyes, Co. A. Also in 1st Regt. Mounted Rifles U.S. A. (Regulars). Refused commission in rebel army in 1861.
George E. Richardson, Co. A. Transferred to Navy.
Charles E. Spurr, Co. A.
Warren R. Spurr, Co. A.
Henry Whitman, Co. A.
Thomas T. Barnes, Co. B.
Alfred Gardner, Co. C.
George W. Farrar, Co. B.
Samuel Newcomb, 2d, Co. D. Transferred to Navy.
Edward Spellman, Co. A.
Philo C. Winslow, Co. A.
The following are in addition to the men transferred to this corps and noted in the general lists:--
Michael Carr, Lawrence Hicks, Michael Casey, John Keefe, John Dolan, James McGregor, Patrick Donnelin, Edward McLaughlin, Moses Fairfield, James Tettler, Michael Flemming, Charles Timmons, Thomas Foley, Henry B. Livingston. Died in Peter Forrester, service May 21, 1864. Edward Galvin,
Under the call of the President of Oct. 27, 1863, for 300,000
additional volunteers, the quota of Hingham was fifty. Forty-two men were
soon obtained, and the re-enlistment of twenty-two soldiers of the 32d
Regiment enabled the town to have credited to it a considerable surplus
above all previous calls.
March 7, 1864, the annual meeting of the town was held, and it was voted to appropriate $800 for town aid to the families of volunteers, and to borrow $8,000 for the purpose of paying State aid. It was also voted to raise $1,000 for the expenses of recruiting.
At a town meeting held April 11 it was voted to raise $8000 for the purpose of refunding to individuals the money contributed by them towards filling the town's quotas under the calls of the President of Oct. 17, 1863, and Feb. 1, 1864. At this meeting, too, the selectmen were requested to obtain authority from the Legislature to defray the expenses of obtaining and interring the bodies of such officers and soldiers belonging to the town as may die in the service during the rebellion.
The enlistments into the three-year organizations in 1864 were:--
Owen Murphy, Co. C. One year enlistment.
David Pettingill, Co. C. One year enlistment.
Philip Sullivan, Co. C. One year enlistment.
Charles Bolster, Co. E. Corporal.
Edwin Barr, Co. E.
John O'Brien, Co. B.
Nelson T. Wood, Co. E.
Caleb H. Beal, Sergt. Also served in Co. K, 35th Regt.
John Manix, Co. I, Corporal.
Edward C. Blossom. Also served in Co. A, 23d Regt.
Hiram Newcomb, 2d,Co. E. Born Hingham, Jan., 1842. Died of disease
contracted in army Oct. 15, 1867, aged 25 years.
Charles E. Wilder, Co. E. Born Hingham, Aug., 1832. Wounded at Laurel Hill, May 12, 1864. Died of disease in the service, Dec. 23, 1864.
Charles H. Beal, Co. K. First served in 84th N.Y. Vols. Afterward, 2d Lieut. Co. E, 107th N.Y. Vols. Finally transferred to Co. I, 29th Mass., where he was a sergeant.
Peter N. Sprague, Co. A. Born Hingham, Dec. 16, 1826. First served
in Lincoln Light Infantry. 2d Lieut. Co. A, 55th Regt. Aug. 20, 1864. 1st
Lieut. May 15, 1865.
John T. Talbot, Co. B.
George Bailey, Co. I, Corporal. Killed at Petersburg, June 17,
1864, aged about 30 years.
George A. Clapp, Co. H.
Edward O. Graves, Co. C. Also served in Co. K, 20th Regt. and
Co. C, 59th Regt. A musician.
John Welch, Co. G. Also served in 59th Regt.
John C. Whiton, Colonel.
William M. Carter, Co. H, Sergt. Wounded; one year enlistment.
John McDonald, Co. A.
James L. Litchfield, Co. D.
Alfred Tyler, Co. F, Corporal.
Edward O. Graves, Co. C, Musician. Transferred to 57th Regt.
William C. Torrey, Co. G. Enlisted from Dedham.
John Welch, Co. G. Transferred to 57th Regt.
William Carter, Co. G. One-year enlistment. Transferred from
Anton Tapp, Co. L. One-year enlistment. Transferred from 14th Infantry.
Edwin F. Tirrell, Co. B, 2d Lieut. Enlisted from Weymouth.
Isaiah W. Loring, Co. A, Corporal.
Joshua Crosby, Jr., Co. A.
Francis Mayhew, Co. A. One-year enlistment.
George Peacock, Co. A. One-year enlistment.
Aaron D. Swan, Co. M. One-year enlistment.
Eben Hart, Co. L.
Edward T. Bouvé, Co. G. Born Hingham, Aug. 14, 1841. 2d
Lieut. 32d Infty. June 30, 1862; 1st Lieut. Sept. 1, 1862; Capt. 4th Cavalry
Jan. 22, 1864; Major 26th N.Y. Cavalry, Feb. 28, 1865; Major 4th Mass.
Cavalry. Commander of Post 104, G. A. R., in 1877, 1878, and 1879.
Benjamin Thomas. 2d Lieut. Dec. 1863. 1st Lieut. and Quartermaster 4th Cavalry Jan. 1, 1864. A. A. Q. M. Tenth Army Corps.
Thomas Hickey, Co. M. Born Hingham, Jan. 14, 1841. First served from Waltham in Co. M. 1st Regt. Cavalry in 1861. Color-Sergt. 4th Cavalry; 2d Lieut. Aug. 9, 1865. Prisoner at High Bridge Aug. 1865. Destroyed the colors to prevent their falling into the hands of the enemy.
Frank H. Gilman, Co. B, Sergeant.
Arvander Merrow, Co. B, Sergeant.
James G. Raymond, Co. D, Corporal. From Weymouth. Died at Hilton Head May 24 1864, aged 18 years.
Thomas Cloney, Co. F, Musician.
William A. Baggett, Musician. Also in 1st Reg. Cavalry.
Orietes L. Bailey, Co. C.
Charles Campbell, Co. D. Transferred to Navy.
Cornelius Connell, Co. D. Prisoner at Florence, Ala.
Samuel N. Corthell, Co. D. Prisoner at Florence, Ala. Also served in Co. K, 7th Infantry.
William L. Cummings, Co. D.
Charles Gardner. Enlisted from Brighton.
James Hickey, Co. C.
William H. Jones, Co. C. Died of wounds Sept. 19, 1864, at Magnolia, Fla., aged 48 years Served also in 18th Infantry. Lost two sons in the service.
Joseph S. Miller, Co. F. Wounded at Deep Bottom, Va.
Thomas Rafferty, Jr., Co. F.
Dennis Scully, Co. D. Born County Cork, Ireland, Sept., 1834. Died in service, April 26, 1864, aged 29 years.
Frank H. Tilton, Co. C. Died in service July 12, 1864, aged 18 yrs.
Rufus Clark, Co. B.
Thomas Davis, Co. I.
George Jones, Co. G.
Matthew H. Lucas, Co. B.
Joseph Nathan, Co. B.
In 1864 the President called for 85,000 men to serve for 100 days. Those enlisting for this service from Hingham were:--
Robert Cushing, Co. F.
Revere Lincoln, Co. F.
Joseph M. Thomas, Co. A. Born Hanson, Aug. 24, 1841; 2d Lieut.
July 14, 1864. Also served in 11th Battery.
Fergus A. Easton, Co. E. Sergeant. First served in Lincoln Light Infantry; then as Orderly-Sergt. in 6th N.Y. Cavalry in which he was 2d Lieut. June 27, 1862, and 1st Lieut. March 22, 1863.
George Dunbar, Co. D, Corporal. First served in Lincoln Light, Infantry. 2d Lieut. Co. I, 4th Mass. Vol. Militia.
John Henry Stoddar, Co. D.
Arthur Beale, Co. A, Commander of Post 104 G. A. R., 1893.
Andrew W. Gardner, Co. B.
The following members of the Thirty-second Infantry re-enlisted as veteran volunteers for three years from Jan. 5, 1864.
Ephraim Anderson, Charles S. Meade, Otis L. Battles, James McCarty, William Breen, Frank H. Miller, John C. Chadbourn, Peter Ourish, Jacob G. Cushing, Harvey M. Pratt, William L. Dawes, William F. Riley, John W. Eldredge, Charles H. F. Stodder, Thomas L. French, Edgar P. Stodder, Edwin Hersey, Washington I. Stodder, Wallace Humphrey, Nathaniel Wilder, 2d, Gardner Jones, George A. Wolfe.Under the head of "Unassigned Recruits" the following names occur in "Hingham in the Civil War": William Burtes, transferred to Navy, and Charles Richardson.
John E. Wilson, Co. E, Corporal.
William H. Allen, Co. F.
Thomas S. Brigham, Co. G.
Wakefield Carver, Co. F.
John R. Donaven, Co. F.
Michael Franey, Co. K.
William Hilton, Co. F.
Patrick J. Kelley, Co. C.
James McNamara, Co. F.
John A. Watson, Co. F.
James M. Cleverly, Co. G.
John A. Farrington, Co. C.
George J. Fearing, Co. G.
William M. Gilman, Co. G.
Henry Hart, Co. C.
Charles Helms, Co. G.
Michael Landers, Co. G.
Michael Roach, Co. G.
Charles Shute, Co. D. Probably enlisted from Worcester.
Melzar Vinal, Co. C.
Henry B. Vogell, Co. G.
Joseph N. Wall, Co. G. Also served in 23d Regt.
On the first of December the town had to its credit twenty-six
men above all calls, having furnished two hundred and fifteen soldiers
to the army during the year.
On the 29th December a meeting of citizens liable to military duty was held at the town hall for the purpose of forming a company in accordance with the provisions of an act of the Legislature approved May 14. Henry Jones, who had served in the 18th Infantry Mass. Vols., was elected captain. The law was shortly after repealed, and this, the last of Hingham's militia companies, never met for parade or drill.
March 6, 1865. At the annual town-meeting it was voted to hire $9000 for the payment of State aid, and to appropriate $800 for town aid to families of soldiers.
There were enlisted for one year the following men in 1865:--
James W. Gray, Co. K, Corporal.
James Daley, Co. I.
George C. Dunham, Co. I.
John H. Hayes, Co. K.
Joseph H. Hilton, Co. I.
George W. R. Putnam, Co. H.
George L. Rich, Co. H.
Andrew W. Gardner, Co. C.
There enlisted in the regular army at various periods during the war, the following:--
Richard J. Farrell, Co. G, 2d Regt. U.S. Artillery. Born in Dungarvan,
Ireland, Jan. 10, 1841. Enlisted June 10, 1861. Wounded on the Peninsula,
and died March 24, 1864, aged 23 years.
Dennis Mullian, 19th Infantry. Enlisted May 10, 1864.
Joseph H. Noyes, 1st Mounted Rifles.
William Perkins, 19th Infantry, May 10, 1864.
Michael F. Thompson, Co. D, 5th Regt. U.S. Artil., Sergeant. Born Ireland, March 9, 1840. Died of disease contracted in service Jan. 6,1867, aged 27 years.
Joseph W. Welsh. Enlisted Sept. 24, 1864.
James H. Williams, 19th Infantry, May 10, 1864.
Under the title "Enlistments in other States of Natives or Residents of Hingham," we find in "Hingham in the Civil War"--
Hawkes Fearing, Jr. Colonel Fearing was born in Hingham May 20,
1826, and became Captain of the Lincoln Light Infantry upon its organization
in 1855. In 1860 he was Lieutenant-Colonel of the Fourth Regiment, M. V.
M., in which capacity he first went into active service. September 24,
1861, he was commissioned as Colonel of the Eighth New Hampshire Volunteers.
April, 1863, Colonel Fearing was wounded at Bisland, in Louisiana. During
the years1871 and 1872 Colonel Fearing represented the district comprising
Hingham and Hull in the General Court. He was one of the original members
of Post 104 of the Grand Army, and Commander in 1869 and 1870. Colonel
Fearing has been for some years Librarian of the Hingham Public Library.
James Ballentine. Born in Roscommon County, Ireland, April, 1842. Enlisted May, 1860, in the Third Infantry, U.S.A., and was soon taken prisoner by the rebels. He subsequently enlisted in the Fifteenth Independent Volunteers, New York, and was killed at Weldon Railroad.
William Barnes, Lieutenant in a New York Regiment. Prisoner at Andersonville.
George Bicknell, 2d New York Infantry. Wounded at Bull Run.
Martin Cushing, in a Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment.
Henry H. Cushing, Captain in 88th Illinois Vols. Buried in Hingham Cemetery.
David P. Eldredge, Orderly Sergt., Co. G, 7th Kansas Cavalry.
John J. L. French, Co. E, 1st Regt., N.H. Heavy Artillery.
Caleb B. Gill, Sergt., Co. I, 57th Indiana Foot Volunteers; 2d Lieut. April 3, 1863. Died April 24, 1867, from disease contracted in the service.
John Gorman, Sergt., 25th N.Y. Cavalry. Wounded at Malvern Hill July 1, 1862; prisoner at Libby Prison.
Hosea Harden, Co. G, 40th N.Y. Vol.
Elijah Hobart. Born Hingham, Oct. 4, 1821; killed near Point of Rocks, Va., July 4, 1864. A grandson of Caleb Hobart of the Revolutionary Army. Captain of Co. B, 93d Regt. N.Y. Vols.
Allen G. Jennings, Co. H, 121st Regt. N.Y. Vols. Afterwards pastor of Second Unitarian Church in Hingham.
Charles B. Leavitt. Oct. 20, 1863, 1st Lieut. Co. M, 6th U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery. March 13, 1864, Lieut.-Col. 70th U.S. Colored Infantry. Twice wounded.
Beza H. Lincoln, Quartermaster-sergeant, Co. E, 1st N. H. Heavy Artillery.
John Lincoln, Jr., Co. G, 13th Conn. Vol. Infantry; Sergeant.
Leavitt Lincoln, Sergt., Co. I, 61st Illinois Vols. Born Hingham March 2, 1823. Died in service Dec. 7, 1864.
Allyne C. Litchfield, Capt. 5th Michigan Cav. Lieut.-Col. 7th Michigan Cav. Prisoner at Libby Prison. Brevet Brigadier-General. In 1871 Consul-General at Calcutta.
James Lowry, 3d District of Columbia Regt.
Daniel Murphy. Born Boston Nov. 22, 1840. Died in Hospital at Washington prior to Nov. 24, 1862. Soldier in 15th N.Y. Vols.
William L. Neal, 6th N. H. Infantry.
Charles Remington, Lincoln Body Guard.
John F. Rogers, Co. A, 74th Regt. Illinois Vols.
Henry E. Spaulding, 13th N. H. Infantry. Now a physician in Hingham.
Isaiah F. Tower, Captain Co. G, 93d Regt. Ohio Vol. Infantry. Wounded at Nashville Dec. 16, 1864.
Benjamin S. Whiting, Lieut. 17th U.S. Infantry.
Webster A. Whiting, Capt. 88th Illinois Vols.
Conrad P. Yäger. Born Mergantheim, Würtemberg. Enlisted in Co. F, 2d Regt., Lincoln Guard. Died in service Oct. 15, 1863, aged 20 years.
The natives or residents of Hingham serving in the Navy, so far as known, numbered thirty-seven, as follows:--
Charles H. Loring, 3d Asst. Engineer, Feb. 26, 1851; 2d Asst.
Engineer May 21,1853; 1st Asst. Engineer May 9, 1857; Chief Engineer March
25, 1861. Served on the "Minnesota" and "Susquehanna."
Thomas Andrews. Born Hingham June 9, 1816, and died in service Feb. 27, 1865, aged 48 years. Acting-Master U.S. Navy. Captain Andrews was a direct descendant of Capt. Thomas Andrews who died in Sir William Phips's expedition against Canada. Served on "Vermont," "Courier," "Crusader," and "Pensacola."
Lemuel Pope, Acting Master's Mate, Sept. 10, 1862; Acting Ensign, Feb. 11, 1864; Acting Master, July 18, 1865.
Andrew Tower, June 2, 1863, Acting-Assistant Paymaster, U.S N. Served on "Norfolk Packet," "C. P. Williams," "Para," and "Passaic."
Franklin Nickerson, Acting-Assistant Surgeon, U.S.N. Served on "Shokokon" and "Brittania."
Edward W. Halcro. Born Hamburg Jan. 24, 1836. Acting Ensign Dec. 15, 1863. Died in Norfolk Hospital April 5, 1867. Buried in Hingham. Served on "Genesee," "Ovetta," "Sarah Bruen," "Idaho," and "New Hampshire."
Charles M. Fuller, Acting Master's Mate. Served on "Macedonian," "Essex," and "Ozark."
Charles A. Stewart. March 16, 1865, Acting Ensign. Prisoner at Charleston, S.C. Served on "Wachusett," "Southfield," "Underwriter," "Muscoota," and "Saco."
John M. Trussell. Acting 3d Assistant Engineer. Served on "Connecticut." "Luka," and "Clyde."
Augustus Barnes, Captain's Clerk. Served on "Marion" and "Pocahontas."
Frederick C. Blair, Master-at-Arms. Served on "W. G. Anderson," the prize "Arizona," "Potomac," "Metacomet," and "Selma."
Alfred B. Whiting, Master-at-Arms. Served on "Colorado."
Charles Campbell, Gunner's-mate. Served on "Vermont" and "Para;" was also in U.S. Army.
Henry W. Hersey, Paymaster's Steward. Prisoner. Served on "Sachem," "Diana," "Onondaga," and "Otsego."
Elkanah Binney, Signal Quartermaster; wounded in Mobile Bay. Served on "Oneida."
Samuel Newcomb, 2d Signal Quartermaster. Served on "Braziliera," and "South Carolina."
Alden Lincoln, First-class Fireman. Served on "Genesee."
George A. Grover, First class Fireman. Served on "Acacia" and prize "Julia."
Daniel S. Lincoln, First-class Fireman. Served in Lincoln Light Infantry and on "Monadnock," "Connecticut," and "Luka."
William Eldredge, Seaman on "Vincennes."
John W. Gardner. Born Hingham, Aug. 17, 1820. Died in service June 24,1863, aged 42 years. Served in Co. I, First Mass. Infantry, and in Co. I, 12th Maine Infantry, and on "Hartford."
George E. Richardson. Served in 3d Mass. Heavy Artillery and on "Massasoit."
George A. Chubbuck. Served in 3d Unattached Co. Heavy Artillery, and on "Glaucus" and "Mather Vassar."
William G. Cushing. Served on "Gemsbok."
Benjamin Hatchfield. Served on "Louisville."
Daniel Stodder. Served on "Conewaugh."
Thomas R. Murphy. Served on "Ethan Allen."
Isaac M. Dow. Served on "Massasoit."
Robert F. Fardy. Served on "Queen" and "Passaic."
Edward Gottchell. Served on "Queen" and "Passaic."
Benjamin L. Jones. Served on "Hetzel" and "Louisiana."
George H. Merritt. Born Scituate Sept. 11, 1842. Died at Little Washington, N. C., Feb. 7, 1863, aged 20 years. Served on "Hetzel" and "Louisiana."
Daniel J. Thompson. Served on "Ohio."
Henry Trowbridge. Served on "Hetzel" and "Louisiana."
Under the heading of "Additional Enlistments in Hingham in the Civil War," the following names appear. Of most of them little else is known than the fact of their being recruited, and that they were either natives of Hingham or served upon its quota.
Edwin Allen, three years, Thomas Griffin, three years, Louis Anderson, Edward Hackett, three years, Calvin R. Baker, Mark Hall, John Baker, three years, Otis C. Hardy, three years, Joseph Barstow, served with James Hayes, Kit Carson, William Hillarston, George W. Boen, three years, Edward Bourne Hinckley, Clergyman, George H. Bonney, three years, Edwin Booth, Henry A. Hitchcock, three years, John Brown, three years, Jeremiah Hurley, Melzar W. Clark, Edward Kelley, John Collins, three years, Joseph B. Kelsey, Thomas Collins, three years, ---- Kittredge, William Colman, William H. Lane, three years, Barney Conaley, Jacob Lowe, 5th (U.S.) Artil. Charles Cook, three years, John C. Maguire, Co. G, 56th Henry Daggett, three years, Mass. Horatio M. Dallas, one year, Patrick Mahoney, Captain in frontier service, Michael McGrane, 9 months, Thomas D. Dalton, three years, Charles H. Muschatt, three years, Albert Damon, George H. Osborn, James Dempsey, three years, Edwin Poiney, three years, Henry B. Downes, three years, Edward L. Preston, Co. A, 5th Josiah Edson, Cavalry, West D. Eldredge, three years, William Randall, Lendal Hanscom Ewell, Co. H, Edward Roach, three years, 4th Regt. David P. Robinson, Thomas M. Farrell, Albert Sawyer, John G. Gorman, Franklin Simmons, Timothy Gordon, Capt. Co. G, William T. Sprague, three years, 4th Regt. William Thompson. James Gorman, 21st Regt.The roll of honor which Hingham cherishes with love and pride for its record of bravery and devotion contains the names of four hundred and seventy-three soldiers and sailors who served upon her quota, besides nineteen who marched with the Lincoln Light Infantry in the first days of the war and did not subsequently appear on the lists; making four hundred and ninety-two different men furnished by the town for the defence of the country. To this number should be added twenty-eight Hingham men who joined regiments in other States, bringing the whole number up to five hundred and twenty. The number re-enlisting cannot perhaps be accurately ascertained, but the aggregate of enlistments from Hingham during the war, and not including the members of the Lincoln Light Infantry, is stated in "Hingham in the Civil War" to have been seven hundred and five. There were mortally wounded or killed in battle thirty-one men and seven officers; died in the service, twenty-seven men and three officers, besides one man murdered and six others who died while prisoners; nine men and one officer died from disease contracted in the service during or soon after the war. Thus there was a loss of eighty-two of our townsmen, most of whom were citizens at the time, as a direct result of the conflict. Many more have passed away since, in consequence of the months and years of privation and exposure. In addition to the casualties above, there were thirty men and seven officers wounded, and seven men and three officers taken prisoners.
BVT. BRIGADIER-GENERALS. Henry H. Cushing, 88th Illinois. Webster A. Whiting, 88th Illinois. Luther Stephenson, Jr.; wounded. Isaiah F. Tower, 93d Ohio; wounded. Allyne G. Litchfield; prisoner. Timothy Gordon, 4th Infantry. Joseph H. Barnes. Horatio M. Dallas, Frontier Service. George R. Reed, 32d Infantry. COLONELS. John C. Whiton, 58th Infty.; wounded. FIRST LIEUTENANTS. Hawkes Fearing, 8th N. H. Infty. Peter N. Sprague, 55th Infantry. LIEUTENANT-COLONEL. Benjamin Thomas, 4th Cavalry. Oliver Burrill, 35th Infantry. Charles B. Leavitt, 70th U.S. Alphonso Marsh, 55th Infantry. Infty.; twice wounded. George M. Hudson, 22d Infantry; wounded. BVT. LIEUTENANT-COLONEL. Nathaniel French, Jr., 32d Infantry; died in service. Thomas Weston, 18th Infty.; Charles Sprague, 4th Infantry. wounded. Elijah B. Gill, Jr., 1st lnfty.; killed. George W. Bibby, 32d Infty.; killed. MAJORS. Fergus A. Easton, 6th N.Y. Cavalry. Waldo F. Corbett, 1st U.S. Heavy Art. Benjamin C. Lincoln, 2d U.S. Francis Thomas, 12th Infty.; killed. Infty.; killed in battle. Edward T. Bouvé, 4th Cavalry. Lyman B. Whiton, 3d Heavy Artill'y. SECOND LIEUTENANTS. BVT. MAJOR. Amos P. Holden, 32d Infantry. John G. Dawes, 2d Louisiana. Benjamin F Meservey, 18th Joseph M. Thomas, 42d Infantry. Infantry; wounded. Louis T. V. Cazaire, 89th U.S. lnfty. Thaddeus Churchill, 3d U.S. lnfty. CAPTAINS. John H. Prouty, 39th Infantry. Caleb H. Beal, 107th N.Y. Infty. Edwin Humphrey, 11th Infty; Thomas Hickey, 4th Cavalry. killed. Caleb B. Gill, 57th Indiana lnfty. Alexander Hitchborn, 12th Edwin F. Tirrell, 3d Heavy Artillery. Infantry; killed. Benjamin S. Whiting, 17th U S Infty. Elijah Hobart, 93d N. Y.; William Barnes, -- N.Y.; prisoner. killed. John E. Morse, Invalid Corps. James H. Wade, 28th Infantry. Edwin Thomas, 3d Heavy Artillery.
CHIEF ENGINEER. ACTING ASSISTANT SURGEON. Charles H. Loring. Franklin Nickerson. ACTING MASTER. ACTING ENSIGNS. Thomas Andrews; died in service. Edward W. Halcro; died in service. Lemuel Pope. Charles M. Fuller. Charles A. Stewart. ACTING ASSISTANT PAYMASTER. ACTING THIRD ASSISTANT ENGINEER. Andrew Tower. John M. Trussell.Fifty-six Hingham men, who received commissions in the service of their country during those eventful years in which was fought the Civil War; fifty-six men who, like their comrades in the ranks, served her faithfully and bravely, and in many instances even unto death.
No account of the soldiers of Massachusetts, however brief, and especially of those belonging to Hingham, would be complete without at least a reference to the loved fellow-townsman who within the Commonwealth was commander-in-chief during the long period of anxiety and sacrifice from 1861 to 1865. This is no place in which to eulogize John A. Andrew, and for the people of the town no eulogy is needed. Yet in this their book they would feel it amiss, if to his noble wreath no laurel leaf were to be added by them as a memorial to the kind words and warm-hearted deeds with which the great chief sped his comrades from Hingham on their way, cheered and sustained and cared for them in the field, and received and welcomed them again to the common home; a leaf glistening and gleaming with the sunshine which his great heart carried to the waiting hearths, beside which sat the wearied and watching, -- gold-lighted with its record of the hope his tenderness brought to the sorrowing, while he gently helped lay in their mother earth the town's brave who had fallen asleep in her service. Proudly and lovingly we claim this man as one of the soldiers of Hingham.
Near the close of the record of Revolutionary services the number of the men bearing certain of the most numerous surnames which occurred among those representing Hingham, and belonging undoubtedly to the twenty-four largest families, was given. A similar statement, but with the same selection of names, and taken in the same order, may not be without interest to the dwellers in this old town, which, while maintaining with little change so many of the customs of the olden time, has preserved also no inconsiderable number of the names of the early settlers in the families of to-day. Serving in the Union army there were sixteen Lincolns, eleven Cushings, five Beals, three Whitons,
nine Stodders, eleven Herseys, thirteen Gardners, one Hobart, five Towers, four Lorings, one Bates, three Burrs, eight Spragues, six Wilders, three Dunbars, one Leavitt, four Fearings, four Lanes, seven Barneses, four Marshes, while from our military lists the Lewises, Stowells, Joys, and Thaxters have entirely disappeared.
This chapter, with all its length, yet all too short for
a satisfactory memorial to the children of the town who have cared naught
for suffering and death when duty beckoned along the dangerous path, is
fast drawing to its close. A few words only remain, and those mainly for
the living. To promote Loyalty, Fidelity, Charity, there was organized,
August 5, 1869, Edwin Humphrey Post, No. 104, of the Grand Army of the
Republic. Col. Hawkes Fearing was its first commander, Major Benjamin F.
Meservey, senior vice-commander, Capt. Peter N. Sprague, junior vice-commander,
Lieut. George R. Reed, quartermaster, Samuel J. Henderson, officer of the
day, William H. Jacobs, officer of the guard, and Henry Jones was appointed
adjutant. These, together with George Thomas, William H. Thomas, Isaac
B. Damon, Edward T. Blossom, William Jones, Hubert J. Tulley, John A. Reed,
and William S. Whiton were charter members. Colonel Fearing was again chosen
commander in 1870, and the same office has been held since that date by
Capt. Peter N. Sprague in 1871-1874, Lemuel Pope in 1875, Captain Sprague
again in 1876, Major Edward T.
Bouvé in 1877-1879, -- during which the Post became uniformed, and raised a considerable charity fund, -- Lieut. George R. Reed in 1880, Isaac F. Goodwin in 1881 and for part of 1882, resigning April 8 of the latter year, William H. Thomas for the remainder of 1882 and in 1883, Charles H. Wakefield for 1884-1886, John H. Stoddar in 1887 and 1888, J. Henry Howe in 1889, Col. Thomas Weston in 1890 and 1891, Major Lyman B. Whiton in 1892, and Arthur Beale in 1893. Since its organization one hundred and forty names have been upon the rolls of its comrades. The present number is seventy-seven. Eleven comrades have joined the greater army which responds only to Heaven's trumpets; they are Samuel J. Henderson, Thomas Murphy, Edward W. Marston, Samuel Bronsdon, William Hersey, John W. Gault, Charles Sprague, Stephen A. Hall, Octavius R. Barry, George T. Kilburn, William Taylor.
In 1888 the Post, with the aid of funds raised by fairs and contributions of citizens, built a hall well adapted for its purposes at Centre Hingham, and within a short distance of the old fort commanded by Capt. John Smith in the days of King Philip. Here the members meet for business, mutual assistance, encouragement, and pleasure; and here on each Memorial Day are held appropriate exercises in which the Woman's Relief Corps, the Sons of Veterans, visiting comrades, and the citizens of the town kindle anew the fires of patriotism, and lay upon the altar of the heroic dead the flowers of memory. (VOL.1--24)
To assist and encourage the Post of the Grand Army in its
noble work, to aid its charities, and to inculcate and diffuse the spirit
of patriotism among the children, a branch of the Woman's Relief Corps
was organized here December 17, 1885. Its first president was Mrs. Mary
Whiton, who held that office two years; she was succeeded by Mrs. Martha
C. Wakefield during the next three years, and by Mrs. Martha S. Litchfield,
who was president in 1891 The next president was Mrs. Hattie M. Lowe, who
was chosen in 1892, and again this year. There is a small relief fund for
the benefit of the needy among soldiers' families. The present membership
is seventy-six, and monthly meetings are held at Grand Army Hall, which
is also the headquarters of the Corps.
A camp of the Sons of Veterans, called the Charles S. Meade Camp, also meets at the hall of the Post. It was organized March 10, 1887, and its successive commanders have been Arthur L. Whiton, C. Sumner Henderson, Gustavus O. Henderson, Hosea H. Batchelder, J. Arthur Batchelder, and Fred S. Wilder. The Camp numbers about forty-eight at this time, and the members materially assist in the ceremonies of Memorial Day.
In the declining hours of the day, near the close of the
beautiful spring month of May of each recurring year, when the fragrance
of a thousand flowers scents the air with its sweetness, and the bright
green of the young grass and new leaves clothes New England in freshness,
a little band of blue-coated men fast growing into years, and with ever
feebler steps marching under the folds of the flag which to them has been
a shield by day and a star by night, to the music which was once an inspiration
in battle, which sung pæans in victory, lulled to slumber in weariness
and death, whispered ever of home, and to this day is never heard without
sending a thrill to the heart,enters the old cemetery, -- the village burial-place
of the fathers, -- and passing beneath the pines which shade moss-grown
stones and tombs, through winding paths leading by sunken graves, by the
first settlers' monument, down into a quiet valley and up again to the
height beyond, ranges itself in line before the resting place and white
statue of their friend and comrade, the great War Governor. Here, aided
by comrades from a Post bearing his name in the city where his official
life was mostly spent, with a few earnest words breathing his spirit, and
with simple and brief exercises, the Grand Army lays upon the grave of
Andrew its annual memorial.
A few steps farther, and around the granite pillar inscribed with the names of the sons who so gallantly served her, the people of Hingham await the ceremonies which keep bright the memories of those who fell to sleep in the love of their country. Here are the rulers of the town, the selectmen, chosen each March to guide its affairs through the ensuing year, the constable with scarcely perceptible insignia of office and inspiring little awe, the ministers of the several churches and of the Old Meeting-House; here are others with even better right, -- an old gray-headed man who leans upon the arm of no stalwart son; a black-robed woman who, standing by a low flower-covered mound, will never again hear her bright boy's "Mother;" a younger woman, too, but also past the meridian of life, leaning against a stone bearing a soldier's name, and beside which flutters a little
flag, -- a woman whose wearied face with its far-away look is full for a moment of the bright but never-to-be-fulfilled promise of the thirty years ago; yes, and others still whose short happiness was almost effaced by the sorrow which time has hardly yet softened into a sweet memory, and whose sadness is only tempered by an unspoken hope. They are all here, -- these and the young maiden, the coming men, and the happy children of to-day. And they all gather closer as the Grand Army forms in front around the large semi-circle of baskets overflowing with the blossoms brought to mingle their brightness with the green of earth. In front is the monument, and to the east, upon the side of the highest ground in the cemetery, was the fort erected to defend the harbor against the Spaniards; on an adjoining elevation northwesterly still stand the defences of 1676, when Philip menaced the town; between the monument and the valley, and beyond it by and near the old general's resting-place, lie the slumbering brave of the Revolution; everywhere, among the fathers, beside the old soldiers, and in the new ground alike the flags which mark the sleeping heroes of the Civil War wave gently in the soft spring breeze. From the band stationed near floats a hymn, -- an old one, dear and familiar; the chaplain hushes the assembly in prayer; a short, earnest plea for country, a tender tribute to the fallen, a word of pride in their sacrifice, of sympathy for the sorrowing, and the orator -- local and uncelebrated perhaps, but reverent and full of the occasion -- is through. A word or two from the commander of the Post, a signal, quietly given, and the violets and the lilies are blooming and nodding in new places, and saying, in language equalled by no other, that here sleeps a soldier whom his loved ones, his comrades, and the great Republic have not forgotten. Again the music sounds; the street, full of the homes and the history of other days, re-echoes with the martial strains; the sunlight fading away from the lowly mounds gilds still the Old Meeting-house steeple, touches with its rays the top of the monument, and reflected from the masses of clouds in the western horizon paints the harbor with the color of the rose. From the distance the last notes of "retreat" borne from Grand Army Hall come floating on the evening breeze, "old glory" flutters to the ground from many a staff, and Memorial Day, fitly and faithfully observed in this old town of the mingled Puritans and Pilgrims, has come to its close.
With the exception of the company formed under the law of 1864, which elected Henry Jones captain, but in consequence of the repeal of the Act soon after, never met for drill or parade, there has been no strictly local military organization in Hingham since the disbanding of the Lincoln Light Infantry, September 29, 1862.
Upon rising ground stretching along Broad Cove, overlooking
the early anchorage of many of the fleet which long years ago whitened
Hingham's bay, -- some undoubtedly built in the shipyard then situated
just below the bluff, but since disappeared and forgotten, -- and directly
opposite the southern slope of Otis Hill, lies the beautifully located
military post of the First Corps of Cadets, and the scene of its camp in
each recurring July. In the rear and looking toward the setting sun as
it crimsons the placid waters which finally shrink into a little winding
brook, the view extends across the green meadows and far up the valley
in the direction of Weymouth Back River. On the opposite side and about
a half-mile distant the church spires and roofs of the houses -- themselves
half hidden by the intervening hill -- indicate the nearest village, while
to the east the harbor of blue in its setting of green, with its steamers
plying back and forth, is seen through a break in the land bordering Otis
Beyond its natural attractiveness there is no little historical interest attaching to the place as the training-field of the militia in the olden days, and still more, as being the probable location of the barracks, -- certainly situated in the immediate vicinity, if not on the ground, -- erected for the accommodation of Captain James Lincoln and his company when Hingham was a garrisoned town in the early part of the Revolution. In plain view, too, is the road, once called Broad Cove Lane, but now Lincoln Street, down which marched Captain Lincoln's command, and the other companies of the town, as well as those of Scituate and Weymouth, when hastening to drive the English from Grape Island May 21, 1775.
Here, in the succeeding years, come large numbers of people interested in the regular order and beautiful ceremonies of a military camp, and the snow-white streets are thronged each evening with listeners to the concert of the fine band.
While having no official connection with Hingham, the possession by the corps of these increasingly attractive grounds with the bright green and well-kept parade and fine rows of growing maples, together with the annual tour of duty performed here by it, the fact that no inconsiderable number of the town's young men have been from time to time enrolled in its ranks, as well as that among her citizens are three of the present officers, have gradually created a feeling of local ownership in the corps, which is now claimed and regarded, as in a sense at least belonging to the town, and as one of her institutions.
The First Corps of Cadets was organized in 1741, and is the modern outgrowth of the famous "Governor's Company of Cadets," which composed a part of the militia, both before and since the Revolution. While commanded by Hancock, -- whose mother, it will be recalled, was a Hingham lady, the then company was disbanded by Governor Gage for its adherence to the patriotic cause, but was reorganized and served under General Sullivan in Rhode Island. At the opening of the rebellion the corps was sent to garrison Fort Warren, and later it furnished many officers to the army, and particularly for the Forty-fifth Massachusetts Infantry, generally known as the Cadet Regiment.
It is one of the two organizations forming a separate branch of the militia of the Commonwealth, and at the present time comprises four companies armed as infantry, and having headquarters at the armory on Columbus Avenue, Boston. It is commanded by Lieut.-Col. Thomas F. Edmands, a distinguished officer in the Civil War, while Major George R. Rogers, Captains William H. Alline and Andrew Robeson, and Lieut. Edward E. Currier, are all veterans who were in active service in the Union's cause.
Several of our present or former citizens have held commissions in the military service of the Commonwealth since 1865. The following is believed to be a correct list:--
Solomon Lincoln, Jr., Colonel and Aide-de-camp to his Honor Lieut.-Governor
Talbot, acting Governor, May 26, 1874; Colonel and Aide-de-camp to his
Excellency Governor Talbot, January 14, 1879.
Arthur Lincoln, Captain and Judge Advocate, 2d Brigade, July 30, 1877.
John D. Long, Governor and Commander-in-chief, 1880-1882.
Edward T. Bouvé, Colonel and Aide-de-camp to his Excellency Governor Long; Captain and Engineer on staff of Brig.-Gen. Nat. Wales, 1st Brigade, M. V. M., Feb. 9, 1883; Captain and Provost Marshal, 1st Brigade, May 24, 1887; Captain and Aide-de-camp, 1st Brigade, April 10, 1888.
Elijah George, Captain and Judge Advocate, 2d Brigade, M.V.M., August 12, 1882.
Charles E. Stevens, 1st Lieutenant and Quartermaster, Feb. 26, 1868, Captain and Paymaster, Jan. 9, 1874, First Corps Cadets.
Charles C. Melcher, 1st Lieutenant and Quartermaster, First Corps Cadets, Feb. 9, 1875.
Walter L. Bouvé, 1st Lieutenant, First Corps Cadets, Feb. 20, 1889.
Not previously mentioned in these pages:--
Charles H. B. Caldwell, son of Charles H. Caldwell and Susan
Blake, born in Hingham, and died in Boston, Nov. 30, 1877, Commodore in
U.S. Navy, June 14, 1874.
Charles L. Corthell, graduated at West Point June 14, 1884, 2d Lieutenant, 4th Artillery, June 15, 1884; 1st Lieutenant, Apr. 24, 1889.,
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