|| Thomas ("Spring") Wyncoll
(G) was the eldest son of Thomas Wyncoll (F)
by his second wife, Mary, daughter of Joseph Spring, of Shalford, Essex.
He was born at Twinstead Hall on the 16th June, 1663, his baptism being
entered in the church registers at Twinstead. His father and mother moved
to Dedham in his early youth and he was brought up there. I cannot yet
locate the spot where they lived or what property they held there. His
father died when he was twelve years of age, his half-brother, Isaac, five
years later. No provision for him or mention of his name is made in either
wills of the former or the latter, but his father had settled the manors
of Peyton II all and Ravensfield, in Bures Hamlet and neighbouring parishes,
upon the issue of this second marriage, so that his future was provided
for. His mother removed from Dedham after the death of her husband and
took up residence at Great Henny, and from there, just before his marriage,
to Ringshall, Suffolk, where she died, and was buried 30th November, 1708,
as recorded in the church registers there.
He married Dorothy, a daughter of William Umfreville,
of the Valley Mansion, Langham, Essex, who
was about two years his senior. Their marriage settlement, which is now
in the possession of Mr. William Garrad of Bures, [
and of which
an illustration is given], was signed and dated on his twentieth
birthday (16th June, 1683) and he is therein described as "Spring Wyncoll
son and heir apparent of her the said Mary Wyncoll."
Dorothy Umfreville's father being then dead1
respective mothers of the young couple and Gilbert Urwin of Clifford's
Inn, London, gentleman (as trustee), were parties to the deed.
The property brought into settlement by Thomas
Wyncoll consisted of the site and lordship of the manor of Peyton Hall
with the rents and services appertaining to that manor, 3 messuages with
gardens, 140 acres of land, 50 acres of meadow, 140 acres of pasture and
30 acres of wood, which extended into the parishes of Bures Hamlet, Alphamstone,
Lamarsh, White Colne and Mount Bures. It comprised the house and farm called
Ravensfield, then occupied by Joseph Smith, and a farmhouse "new built
upon certain lands called Butlers," in Bures, then occupied by John Polley.
The whole property, it was set forth, "the said Spring Wyncoll hath as
heir to Thomas Wyncoll his late father deceased."
|1. He was buried in the chancel of Langham church on 29th August,
1679. His will (P.C.C ref. No.123: King) was dated 8th February, 1676,
and he thereby appointed his wife Isabella sole executrix. Witnesses:-
Thomas Raymond, Christopher Johnson and John Goldsmith.
|| Dorothy Umfreville's marriage
portion consisted of a sum of money representing her sbare under the post
nuptial settlement made by her father and dated the 8th February, 1676,2
which appointed the sale of William Umfreville's manors, mills, lands,
tenements and hereditaments in Essex and Suffolk to provide a competent
jointure for his wife, Isabella, and their children.
The stone to the memory of Dorothy Umfreville's
half-brother, Sir Charles Umfreville, is in Langham church, the inscription
being as follows:-
H S. E.
CAROLUS UMFREVILLE MILES
De Stoke juxta Nayland Corn. Suffolc:
Filius Willelmi Umfreville ex hac villa Armigeri,
ex antiqua et nobili familia de Umfranvile,
Illustre nomen quod ex Normannia
In Angliam cum Willelmo Conquestore appulit,
Et ad Scotiae confinia praediis et honoribus accrevit,
Hinc orti Comites de Angus et Kyme,
Aliique praestantes viri
Qui in Bellis contra Galliam et Scotiam gestis
Sub Regibus de patria optime meruerunt;
Hic Carolus non degener,
Praeclaris animi dotibus emicuit,
Annos natus LVII. die Martij MDCXCVI.
et voto silo.
Thomas and Dorothy Wyncoll's marriage settlement
provided for the receipt of the rents and profits of the real estate settled
by the former during his life and of his wife after his decease and at
the death of both of them then in tail male with a power of revocation.
No such revocation was made by either of them and the property passed to
their eldest son, Thomas, as will be shewn later.
Not only had Thomas Wyncoll adopted the christian
name or "Spring," but each of his children is entered in the Langham church
registers as the son or daughter of "Mr. Spring Wyncoll and Dorothy his
wife," and their third child was christened "Spring."
Thomas Wyncoll lived at Langham after his marriage.
His father-in-law, William Umfreville, was buried in the chancel of Langham
church, 29th August, 1679, and I feel sure, though I have no positive proof,
that lie and his wife resided at the "Valley Mansion" with his mother-in-law,
who outlived both of them, dying the 3rd May, 1711, aged 85. There is no
trace in the Court Rolls of his having held land in Langham. The return
of the family to Langham after so many years is interesting. It will be
remembered that Allan Wyndecoll married and lived there in 1391 (see p.5),
and since the 30th August, 1443, two acres of land in Langham were called
"Wyndecoll's" or "Wyncolls" (idem) in the Court Rolls, and are so
entered till 1753. There is a "Wyncoll's farm" marked on the Ordnance Map
of 1814, now call the "Hill farm." Thomas Spring Wyncoll died in the forty-eighth
year of his age and was buried at Langham on 3rd October, 1710. His widow,
Dorothy, only survived him three months, being buried at Langham on 5th
January, 1711, "aged 50."
No memorial stone, either in Langham church
or churchyard is to be found to mark the resting place of either of them.
I am unable to find any trace of a will of
Thomas Wyncoll. His wife left none, but Letters of Administration were
granted to her heir, although the document has unfortunately been lost,
according to the authorities at Somerset House, and there is only an entry
in the catalogue.3
His brother John became a clergyman and, as
we learn from the Suffolk Poll Book, was vicar of Bouedge (near Woodbridge)
in 1727, held the vicarage, freehold. He voted Tory.
HISTORY AND PEDIGREE OF UMFREVILLE.
As it will probably be of interest to the family
to be able to prove their descent from royalty, and the Umfrevilles were
such a grand old family, I am giving a short history of them and their
Malcolm II., of Scotland, was descended from
the old Irish kings, i.e. from Milesius of Spain, who conquered Ireland
about B.C. 1698 to Niallus Magnus the 126th monarch A.D. 378. I have, so
far, been unable to find out, for a certainty, what happened to Gilbert,
the elder son of William Umfreville, D.D., of Tonks Court, Holborn, but
if the family legend, as shewn in the pedigree, is correct, or there are
none of his legal descendants living, the Wyncolls are, undoubtedly, through
their ancestress, Dorothy Umfreville, the heirs of William Umfreville,
of Langham, and entitled to quarter the Umfreville arms with their own.
|2. The parties to this deed were William Umfrevile of the one
part and Samuel Gibbs of Stoke-by-Naylaud, Esquire, Robert Maidstone of
Boxted, Essex, gentleman. and Gilbert Urwin of Clifford's Inn, London,
gentleman, of the other part.
|| Copy of charter of King William
William by the Grace of God, King of England and Duke of Normandy
To all people as well French English as Normands, greeting; Know ye that
we have granted to our beloved kinsman Robert Umfreville, Lord of Tours
and Vian otherwise called Robert with the Beard, the Lordship, vale and
forest, with all Castles, Manors . . . and Royal Franchise, which late
belonged to Mildred the son of Akerman, late Lord of Redesdale, and which
came into our hands by Conquest, to have and to hold to the aforesaid Robert
his heirs of us and our heirs, Kings of England, by the service of defending
the same from enemies and wolves for ever with the sword which we had by
our side when we entered Northumberland . - . . In testimony whereof we
have caused our Seal to be affixed to these Letters. Witnesses. Matilda
our Consort, William and Henry our Sons, this 10th day of July in the tenth
of our reign.4
[Italicised numbers below refer to the Umfreville
1. Robert de Umfreville, "of the Beard," was kinsman of,
and came over with, the Conqueror. Was made Lord Redesdale. He left two
sons, Rodus, or Rodulphus, and Gilbert.
2. Rodulphus, the elder, was witness of a charter of
Walter Giffard signed by William II. (Monas. Anglio, vol. i., p.573).
Gilbert was one of the twelve knights who
assisted in the conquest of Wales, 4 William II., and obtained the castle
of Penmark which was held by that branch till the time of Edward, when
two co-heiresses, Elizabeth, married Alex St. John, ancestor of the Earl
of Bolinbroke, and Alice, married Simon Fumeaux.
3. Odonel, eldest son of Rudolphus, mentioned upon assessment
of scutage, 8 Henry II. (Rot. Pip. Northd.). He opposed the Scotch
invasion and was in the battle in which William the Lion was made prisoner.
His castle at Harbottle was taken by the Scots 20 Henry II. (see Leland
Coll., vol. i., p. 353), and his castle of Prudou besieged but relieved.
Made many pious bequests (Mon. Angl., vol. ii., p.93, b.30), ob.
28 Henry II. (see Rot. Pip. Northd., Camden, pp. 493 and 508). His
tomb is in the choir at Hexham.
4. Robertus, eldest son, 28 Henry II. (Rot. Pip. Northd.
and Register Novi. Monas. (New Munster), p. dict. fol. 37.)
5. Gilbert, mentioned as Gilbert first earl of Angus (Ex
Regist. de Morpeth, fo. 33).
6. Richard succeeded Robert, his grandfather (see Rot.
Pip Northd.), 5 Richard II. He was captain of the castle of Acres in
Palestine (see Harding's Chron., p. 266), 5 John (see also Cart.,
5 John, n.102, Charter Roll, 5 John, 102, in Tower of London). In
14 John he delivered up his castle at Prudhou and his four sons as hostages,
but when the barons put themselves in arms he joined them and his lands
were given to Hugh Baliol (Clause, 7 John, M. 8), restored by Henry III.
(see Patent 2 Henry III., m. 10). He was present at the signing of Magna
Charta. From his being in the Holy Land the cross crosslets and cross florys
were assumed to his arms. The cross crosslets from the religious undertaking
and the cross florys from the French extraction.
7. Gilbert did his homage (11 Henry III.) for barony of Prudhou,
(Rot. Fin. 11 Henry III., m. 3). Was one of the barons appointed
to be at Berwick-on-Tweed to attend Alexander, king of Scotland, to York,
where Henry met him. Witness to a charter between the kings (Ryley Plac.
in Parliament, p. 170).
8. Gilbert was seven years old at his father's death and
was the ward of Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, he giving a fine
of 1,000 marks to the king for the same (see Rot. Fin., 29 Henry
III., m. 8). Held Prudhou and Redesdale, and is styled Earl of Angus (Cart.,
51 Henry III., m. 3, also Pat. Roll, 18 Edward III, p.2, m.17, in Tower
of London). In 1291 he became governor of the castle of Dundee and Forfar
and whole territory of Angus. He was summoned to Parliament as Baron Prudhou,
24 June, 1295, and as Earl of Angus 26 January, 1297. He died 1 Ed. II.
He married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of John Comyn, Earl of Angus.
8a. Robert was Regent of Scotland, won the battle of Argyle,
taking William and John Walleys prisoners (Harding 301). He defeated Robert
Bruce at Johnstone (Harding 303). Bore title of Earl of Angus in commission
in the Lieutenantcy of Scotland (Par. Edward II., us. 5). but this
power continued little more than a year; Joint Governor of that part of
Scotland between Berwick-on- Tweed and river Forth, marshes of Annandale,
Carrick and Galway (Robert of Scotland, 4 Edward II., indorso m. 5). He
married, first, daughter and heiress to the barony of Kyme and, second,
Eleanora. He died 2 April, 1325, and lies buried near the high altar in
the abbey of New Munster (Mon. Angl., vol. ii., p. 918). Gilbert,
son of the first wife, married, first, Johanna, daughter of Lord Willoughby
d'Bresby who died s.p., and second, Maud sister and heiress of Anthony
de Lucy, by whom she had a son, Robert, who married a sister of the Earl
of Northumberland and died s.p. during his father's lifetime. The
widow afterwards married Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland and left all
the Umfreville estates she could will to the Percy's. Robert, the eldest
son of the second wife, was high sheriff of Northumberland 46 to 51 Edward
III. and died in the life-time of his half-brother the earl s.p.
(Claus., 4 Richard, m. 20).
9. Sir Thomas, the second son of Earl Robert by the second
wife, Eleanora, succeeded his father; had liveries of manors of Harbottle
and Otterbourne, his eldest brother, Robert, having died s.p. These
manors descended to him by virtue of entail and could not be willed away
(Claus., 4 Richard II., m. 20, and Pasch., 1 Richard II.). He died 10 Richard
II. (see Harding's Battle of Otterbourne, p. 342). He married Johanna,
daughter of Adam de Rodham and left two sons, Thomas and Robert. The elder
son, Thomas, succeeded his father and died 12th February 14 Richard II.,
leaving one son, Gilbert, and four or five daughters. This Gilbert, Earl
of Angus, 6 Henry IV. (see Harding, p.344, 365, 368), was at Pebbles with
his uncle Robert (10), captain of Caen and Gournay in Normandy,
and was slain with the Duke of Clarence at the battle of Bange, Easter
Eve, 1421, leaving no issue (see Walsingham, p.454, n. 20). He saved the
prisoners' lives after the battles of Durdan and Etham (see Harding, p.
361). The earldom or barony have since remained dormant.
10. Sir Robert, second son of Sir Thomas, being his male
heir, succeeded, and had castle of Harbottle and manor of Otterbourne.
Was high sheriff of Northumberland, 2 Henry IV. Was at the battle of Homildon
and was made Lord Umfreville and Knight of the Garter. Was captain of Rokesburgh
and fought on foot at Fulhoplewe (see Harding's Chron., p.365).
Was in attendance of Henry V. at Agincourt. In 1406 was captain of Berwick
castle and took his nephew, Gilbert, Earl of Angus, to the Scottish wars
(see Holinshead Hist.) and was vice-admiral of England.
11. William, son of Sir Robert, varied his arms without apparent
reason according to Segar, except perhaps on account of civil contentions.
12. Andrew, eldest son and heir of William, resumed the family
arms of gules cinquefoil between six crosses patonce, or.
13. Richard, son and heir of Andrew.
14. William, son and heir of Richard, of Farnham Royal in
Co. Bucks, which he purchased, and of Isleworth. Co. Middlesex (temp. Henry
THE ORIGIN OF MICHAELMAS GOOSE.
Queen Elizabeth on her way to Tilbury on 29th September, 1589,
dined with Sir Neville Umfreville at his seat near that place and had goose
for dinner. After dinner the Queen asked for a Flagon of Burgundy and drank
destruction to the Spanish Armada. She had only that moment returned the
Glass to the Knight, when the news came that the Armada had been destroyed
by a Storm. She drank another Flagon to wash down the goose and the good
news and ordered the same dish (Goose) to he served each year on that day.
The Court made it a custom and the people a fashion ever since. (Extract
from the Times newspaper, 30th September, 1823.)
15. Thomas, second son, married Dorothy, daughter and Co-
heiress of St. Clere, and had issue:- William (16). He married,
secondly, Jane, daughter of John Hyde of Hurst. The following part of the
pedigree is taken from Surtee's Durham It will be seen from the pedigree
that the elder branch ended in a daughter Mary, who married a Pickering.
The arms without a difference, therefore, return to the descendants of
|3. P.C.C.., ref. No. castle, Dec., s712.
|4. MS Dodsworth, No 111, fol. 151, in Bibl. Bodleiana.
16. William, of Langham, county Essex, eldest son. Will dated
8th July, 29 Charles II., 1676, proved in London 23rd September, 1679,
by Isabel, widow. He married, first, Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of
Thomas Gott, of Grays Inn, and had issue - Sir Charles Umfreville, of Stoke-by-Nayland,
county Suffolk, whose issue died out. He married, secondly, Isabel, daughter
and heiress of . . . . Sapworth, and had by her four sons and three daughters.
She was buried at Langham 3rd May, 1711.
We find from the Langham Hall Court Rolls
that all the real estate of William Umfreville passed on his death to his
eldest son, St. Clere, of Higham Hall, and that on August 31st, 1679, he
surrendered all his lands and tenements to his mother, Isabell, for her
life, with remainder to his brothers and sisters (p. 100). On the 29th
April, 1680, he similarly surrendered all his lands called "Fordlands"
and "Oatlands," Containing 22 acres (p.72). On the same date there is an
entry on p.100 that Isabel Umfreville holds freely a mansion house called